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32 Cards in this Set

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Psychological Theories
Assumption: Unconcious and past experience in early childhood shape how a person feels & behaves throughout the rest of life.
Strucuture model of personality
ID

EGO

SUPEREGO
ID
RAW INSTINCT SUCH AS:
- AGRESSION
- SURVIVAL
- SEX DRIVES
EGO
WHAT I SEE IN A PERSON/
PERSONALITY. MENTAL F(X):
-MEMORY
-PERCEPTION
-REALITY TESTING
-JUDGEMENT
-LEARNING
-USE OF DEFENSE MECHANISM
SUPEREGO
COMES FROM THE EXTERNAL
ENVIRONMENT INTEGRATES FROM:
- VALUES
- MORALS
-INDICATES RIGHT FROM WRONG
DEFENSE MECHANISM
-UNCONSCIOUS MECHANISM USED BY THE EGO TO HELP MEDIATE CONFLICTS AND AVOID/DIMINISH ANXIETY.
PSYCHOSEXUAL STAGE OF DEVELOPMENT
-ORAL:Either under/over fixated
-Anal: OCD(control)
-Phallic: Gind your genetalia
-Latency: Elementary sch yr
-Genital:Last for the rest of ur life(sexuality)
SYMBOLS
-USED AS THE KEY TO THE MEANING OF UNCONCCIOUS CONFLICTS

-GIVES CLUES TO UNCONCIOUS FEELINGS AS THEY COULD BE UNIVERSAL/CULTURAL
BAHAVIORISM
-WHATEVER BEHAVIOR IS RE-INFORCE IS REPEATED.
4 MAIN BEHAVIORISM MODIFICATION
1. IDENTIFY TERMINAL BEHAVIOR
2. DETERMINE BASELINE BY COUNTING FREQUENCY OF BEHAVIOR.
3. SELECT METHOD OF COUNTING AND RECORDING BEHAVIOR
4. SELECT A REINFORCER THAT IS MEANING TO PT AND DETERMINE A SCHEDULE OF REINFORCEMENT.
WAYS TO MODIFY BEHAVIOR
-SHAPING
-CHANGING(BCKWARD&FWRD)
-CONDITIONING
SHAPING
Method of working towards terminal behavior thru successful approximation using a series of steps that lead to a goal.
CHAINING
Methods of teaching a complex activity a step of a time.
BACKWARD CHAINING
-Starts with the last step

-Very effectiveful for mental retardation pateint
CONDITIONING
Natural occuring behavior paired with a neutral stimuli which is positively reinforced until learned.
COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR THEORY
Looks at the individuals though process, environment, perception and irrational beliefs.
NEGATIVE COGNITION
Automatic thoughts tha t occurs without a person recognizing them.
COGNITIVE REHEARSAL SELF MONITORING REATTRIBUTION
Methods that challenge the distorted perception and thoughts that creat illness
RET (RATIONAL EMOTIONAL THERAPY) AS 4 MODELS CALLED
A- EVENT

B- BELIEFS/THOUGHT

C- FEELINGS

D- DISPITE IRRATIONAL BELIEFS
HUMANISTIC/CLIENT CENTERED
Believe that every human as god given talent to heal themselves and the therapist is only there to provide unconditional positive regards.
NEUROSCIENTIFIC(MEDICAL MODEL)THERAPIES
Assume that what is wrong is organ, and thus treat the organ and not the person.
PSYCHIATRIC REHABILITATION
-Develop by a Social worker
-Was the roommate of Keefher an OT
-Helps identifying goals and help pt wk towards thaose goals to help pt f(x) in society.
SOCIAL LEARNING
A PERSON LEARN FROM THEIR ENVIRONMENT
WHAT IS DSM-IV
DIAGNOSTIC STATISTICAL MANUAL
PURPOSE OF THE DSM-IV
Provide a clear discription of diagnostic categories to enable cliniciam to diagnose
MUTI-AXIAL INCLUDE:
AXIS- I

AXIS- II

AXIS -III

AXIS- IV

AXIS- V
AXIS-I
-MAIN PROGNOSIS
-USED TO JUSTIFY MEDICATION AND PROGNOSTIC
AXIS -II
-PEROSONALITY DISODER/MENTAL RETARDATION

-LIFE LONG PERSONALITY
-NO MEDICATION GIVEN IN THIS AXIS.
AXIS- III
-ALL MEDICAL CONDITON

A) PYSICAL CONDITON SHOULD BE DELCARE AS IT MAY MOCK MENTAL CONDITION.

B)MEDICATION PRESCRIBED CONDITION SHOULD BE DELCARED TO DETERMINE CONTRIDICTION WITH PSYCH MEDS.
AXIS - IV
- ALL SOCIAL STRESSORS

-RECORD BY MIN.MOD, SEVERE BY SOCAIL WKER

-ANY LIFE PROBLEM
AXIS -V
GAF- GOBAL ASSESSMENT OF F(X)ING

-DEALS WITH THE PT OVERALL LEVEL OF F(X)ING
-EVAL ON A SCALE OF 0-100
-50 INDICATING SUICIDE THINKING
-20 INDICATING SUICIDE ATTEMPTED

THERE ARE 2 # THE FIRST IS THE LAST YR AND THE SECOND IS THE LAST MTH
CRITERIA FOR BAKER ACT
- DANGER TO SELF/OTHERS

-2PC(PROFESSIONAL CERTIFICATE

-72 HOURS INVOLUNTARY HOLDING

- AFTER 72 HRS PT/REP WILL HAVE TO GO INFRONT OF A JUDGE TO BE RELEASED.