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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the levels of the Topographic theory of the mind?
What are the 3 divisions of the mind according to the structural theory?
1. Id
2. Ego
3. Superego
a completely unconscious intrapsychic agency that is only interested in discharging tension. The id is controlled by mostly unconscious aspects of the ego and by the superego. The main drives of the id are sexuality (libido) and aggression.
the conscioius aspect of the ego is the executive organ of the psyche - responsible for decision making and the integration of perceptual data. The unconscious aspect of the ego is responsible for counteracting the powerful instinctual drives of the id.
the superego is mostly unconscious, bu some aspects are conscious. The superego incorporates the moral conscience and the ego ideal. The conscience proscribes and the ego ideal prescribes.
What is produced by conflict between id/ego/superego?
What is the core component of classical psychoanalysis?
The develoopment of transference neurosis.
Who benefits most from psychoanalysis?
Patients with classic symptom neuroses and moderate character neuroses.
What are the two types of psychoanalytically based dynamic psychotherapies?
Expressive and Supportive
what is the basis of expressive psychotherapy?
Aims to make conscious psychological conflict through analyzing the patient's defense and in this way resolve conflict.
What is the basis of supportive psychotherapy?
To increase the patient's capacity to suppress painful conflict and relies on behavioral change and symptomatic relief. ADAPTIVE DEFENSES ARE ACTIVELY STRENGTHENED.
Avoidance of awareness of some painful reality
Withholding from conscious awareness an idea or feeling.
Conscious expulsion of thoughts from the mind
Avoided feelings are transfered to some othe rperson, situation, or object.
Reaction Formation
A warded-off feeling is replaced by an unconsciously derived but consciously felt emphasis on its opposite.
a warded off impulse or idea is attributed to the external world.
Turning back the clock and going back to earlier, less mature ways of dealing with the world.
Turning against the self
An inappropriate impulse directed outside is redirected at the self.
The process consists of splitting ideas and feelings.
expresses both the impulse and its opposite. for example, being very domineering one minute and then offering very obsequiously to defer to another.
Proclaiming logical reasons for things done for other reasons to avoid stress or self blame.
The process whereby one replaces an unacceptable wish with a course of action that is similar to the wish but does not conflict with one's value system.
Acting out
Acting out consists of engaging in activities in a different arena from the one in which the basic impulses came into conflict with values.