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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are Freud's 3 levels of consciousness
Conscious, pre-conscious and Unconscious
What does 'conscious' represent to Freud?
The thoughts and ideas of which we are aware
What does 'pre-conscious' represent to Freud?
The thoughts and ideas of which we are not aware but which we can easily access
What does 'unconscious' represent to Freud?
Thoughts and ideas of which we are unaware and cannot readily or easily access?
Is psychoanalytic theory focused more on the conscious, pre-conscious, or unconscious?
What is it called when thoughts and ideas that create anxiety or distress are pushed from the conscious to the unconscious?
What are the 3 major systems in Freud's structural theory of personality development?
Id, Ego, Superego
Primitive portion that controls basic instinctual drives - food, sex, etc. Freud called the Libido, or sexual drive, the most important of all the instinctual drives.
What is the Pleasure Principle?
It is Freud's belief that the Id seeks pleasure over pain.
The rational and executive part of the personality. It mediates between the needs of the Id and the environment.
Reality Principle
A stage in personality development according to Freud where one recognizes that personal desires must be balanced with environmental realities.
The part of the personality that is most sophisticated, and considers moral and ethical aspects of the behavior.
Part of the superego that contains the 'should nots'
Ego Ideal
Part of the superego that contains the 'shoulds'
According to Freud, at what age should personality development be completed?
By age 5
According to Freud, what are the two 'Driving Forces' that have reciprocal exchange in personality development?
'Cathexis' and 'anti-cathexis.' Cathexis is the urging force and the anti-cathexis is the checking force.
According to Freud, personality develops as a result of TWO major events. What are they?
1) maturation and natural growth, and 2) learning to overcome frustration, anxiety and resolve conflict
What are Freud's discrete and sequential psychosexual stages of development?
1) Oral, 2) Anal, 3) Phallic, 4) Latency, and 5) Genital
What is it called when a person can not complete a stage of psychosexual development, because needs are under- or over-gratified?
If getting through a psychosexual stage is overly frustrating, what might occur?
Regression, or returning to an earlier stage of development
What is the Oedipus Complex?
During the Phallic Stage a boy becomes jealous of his father and competes for his mother's affection. This is usually between the ages of 3 and 6.
What is the Electra Complex?
The female counterpart to the Oedipus Complex.
Oral Stage
Age 0-1 1/2. The individual derives pleasure from his/her mouth and oral cavity, suckling.
Anal Stage
Age 1 1/2 to 3. The individual shifts focus to the anal region and gains control over bowels.
Phallic Stage
Age 3-6. The individual zone of pleasure shifts from te anus to the genitals.
Latency Stage
Age 6-12. The individuals focus on his/her genitals and sexuality develops into more socially acceptable behaviors.
Genital Stage
12-adult. The individual learns to accept his/her genitalia and begins to experience adult-like sexual feelings.
What is a Defense Mechanism?
When the Ego senses a certain act or thought may be harmful, it produces anxiety. This anxiety signals impending harm and produces a defense mechanism to protect the self. The defense mechanism are the unconscious and irrational thoughts and behaviors to protect the ego and minimize pain or discomfort.
Name the Defense Mechanism:
Refusing to acknowledge or recognize the reality and/or implications of a painful experience
Name the Defense Mechanism:
Replacing one feeling or emotion with another
Name the Defense Mechanism:
Shifting the repressed feelings from the original object to another object
Name the Defense Mechanism:
A type of denial where the object is "all good" masking unresolved or negative feelings
Name the Defense Mechanism:
The unconscious modeling of one's behavior on that of another
Name the Defense Mechanism:
Repressing, dissociating difficult feelings that are 'dangerous' to psychic well-being. This causes someone to become fragmented
Name the Defense Mechanism:
Putting negative or difficult feelings into physical symptoms
Name the Defense Mechanism:
Replacing a painful or negative event with the exact opposite
Name the Defense Mechanism:
Identifying with some person or ideal so deeply it becomes a part of that person's
Name the Defense Mechanism:
Focusing negative or uncomfortable feelings from the object onto one's self
Name the Defense Mechanism:
Rationalizing and making generalizations to avoid uncomfortable feelings
Name the Defense Mechanism:
Inability to experience the cognitive and affective components of a situation at the same time
Who developed Ego Psychology?
Heinz Hartman