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35 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is the definition of personality?
a consistent style of behavior uniquely recognizable in each individual
What are characteristics of personality disorders?
• presence of long-standing, rigid, unsuitable pattern of relating to others
• cause socal & occupational impairment
• lack of insight
• failure to seek psychological help (unless compelled by others)
• absence of frank psychosis
Describe Cluster A
• patient is eccentric and/or fears social relationships
• includes:
- paranoid personality disorder
- schizoid personality disorder
- schizotypal personality disorder
Describe Cluster B
• patient is emotional, erratic, and/or dramatic
• includes:
- histrionic personality disorder
- narcissistic personality disorder
- antisocial personality disorder
- borderline personality disorder
Describe Cluster C
• patient is fearful and/or anxious
• includes:
- avoidant personality disorder
- obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
- dependent personality disorder
Which personality disorder is the least common?
schizoid personality disorder
What are the 3 most common personality disorders?
• dependent personality disorder
• schizotypal personality disorder
• histrionic personality disorder
Which personality disorder cannot be diagnosed until 18 years of age?
antisocial personality disorder
Patients with schizoid, schizotypal, or paranoid disorders tend to have a family history of what psychiatric disorder?
schizophrenia
People with paranoid disorder tend to have a family history of what psychiatric disorder?
delusional disorder (persecutory type)
People with antisocial personality disorder tend to have a family history of what psychiatric disorders?
• substance abuse
• somatization disorder
People with borderline personality disorder tend to have a family history of what psychiatric disorders?
• antisocial personality disorder
• mood disorders
• substance abuse
People with avoidant personality disorder tend to have a family history of what psychiatric disorder?
anxiety disorder
What are characteristics of paranoid personality disorder?
• attributes responsibility for problems to others
• hostility
• hypersenitivity to criticism
• litigious
• mistrustful
• suspicious
A patient with paranoid personality disorder uses which defense mechanisms?
• projection
• denial
What are characteristics of schizoid personality disorder?
• lifelong pattern of voluntary social withdrawal
• indifferent to and derive little pleasure from social & sexual contacts
• prefer & can perform well at solitary activites
• similar to delusional disorder and schizophrenia (but without frank psychotic symptoms)
In the young, schizoid personality disorder can be mistaken for what disorder?
mild autistic disorder
What are characteristics of schizotypal personality disorder?
• magical thinking (ex. don't step on a crack or crack your mother's back)
• odd thought patterns & behavior w/out psychosis
• peculiar appearance
• reason in odd ways
• strange speech
• commonly co-occurs with major depression
What are other differentials to consider for a patient with schizotypal personality disorder?
• delusional disorder
• mood disorder with psychosis
• schizophrenia
What defense mechanisms are used by patients with schizotypal personality disorder?
• projection
• denial
What are characteristics of histrionic personality disorder?
• demand attention
• dramatic
• egocentric
• extroverted
• emotional
• immature
• inability to maintain intimate relationships
• sexual provocative
Histrionic personalities use which defense mechanisms?
• repression
• regression
• somatization
What are characteristics of narcissistic personality disorder?
• chronically dissatisfied (due to need for admiration)
• envious
• grandiose
• has sense of speical entitlement
• lack empathy
• maintain superficial, exploitative relationships
Narcissistic PD use which defense mechanisms?
• denial
• displacement
• poor ego functioning
What are other differentials to consider with a narcissistic PD?
• borderline
• histrionic
• OCD
What are characteristics of antisocial PD?
• aka sociopaths or psychopaths
• criminality
• fails to learn from experiences
• unwilling to conform to social norms
What are characteristics of borderline PD?
• boredom, emptiness
• brief period of loss of contact w/ reality
• feelings of aloneness
• impulsiveness
• suicide attempts
• unstable behavior and moodWhat are defense mechanisms used by borderline PD?
What are defense mechanisms used by borderline PD?
• denial
• displacement
• poor ego functioning
• splitting
What are characteristics of avoidant PD?
• has inferiority complex
• sensitive
• shy
• socially withdrawn
What are defense mechanisms that avoidant personalities use?
• avoidance
• regression
What other differentials should be considered in a patient with avoidant personality disorder?
• dependent PD
• schizoid PD
• social phobia
What are characteristics of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder?
• indecisive
• judgemental
• orderly
• overly conscientious
• perfectionistic
• stubborn
What are characteristics of dependent personality disorder?
• excessively passive
• hypersensitive to criticism
• lacks self-confidence
• lets other assume their responsibilities
What defense mechanisms are used by dependent personalities?
• avoidance
• regression
What are characteristics of passive-aggressive personality disorder?
• inefficient
• procastinates
• seems compliant but are defiant
• stubborn