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130 Cards in this Set

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study of humans and other organisms in an effort to understand and explain their behavior
psychology
refers to the practice of medicine relating to mind and behavior
psychiatry
area of professional psychology which assists the individual with an injury or illness
rehabilitation psychology
commonly refered to as the father of father of psychoanalysis
sigmund freud
technique in treating hysteria
free association
patients are encouraged to speak freely and report whatever is in their thoughts
free association
organisms motivated only by the satisfaction of bodily needs
S. Freud
humans are hedonistic creatures
S. Freud
primitive and instinctive in nature
Id
driven by the satisfaction of one's needs
Id
arises from the ego
super-ego
moral brake
super-ego
counterforce to ego and id
super ego
arises from the id
ego
realistically bargains
ego
mediates between forces
ego
humans are driven by 2 conflicting central desires
1. life drive (Eros, sex drive)
2. death drive (thanatos)
male child's unconscious desire for the exclusive love of this mother
Oedipus Complex
psychosexual stages of development
1. pregenital stage
2. latency stage
3. genital stage
if one does not understand a person, one tends to regard him as a fool
carl justav Jung
swiss psychoanalyst
Carl Jung
Specialized in psychiatric medicine
Carl Jung
Advocate of Freudian theory
Carl Jung
develop doubts on emphasis on sexual motivation Libido
carl jung
past experiences are ____ to a person
push
future goals are __ to a person
pull
quited imaginative, more interested in ideas than other people
introvert
tends to be sociable, outgoing, interested in people and things
extrovert
pertains to how the person perceives the world and delays with information and experiences
carl jung on functions of thought
detects the presense of things
sensing
deideicates that something is there but does not know what it is
sensing
tell what the things is
gives names to things that are sensed
thinking
tells whether a thing is acceptable or not
determines what a thing is worth to the individual
feeling
pertains to liking or disliking
feeling
hunches about the past or future events
intuiting
done when factual information is not present
intuiting
lives according to fixed value
objective and cold
positive and dogmatic in thinking
feeling is repressed
thinking extrovert
very emotional and respectful of authority and tradition
sociable, seeks harmony
thinking is repressed
feeling extrovert
pleasure seeking, jolly and socially adaptive
constantly seeking new sensory experiences
very realistic
intuition is repressed
sensing extrovert
decision guiding by hunches rather than facts
very changeable and creative
has trouble staying with one idea very long
sensation is repressed
intuiting extrovert
intense desire for privacy
socially inhibited with poor practical judgement
very intellectual
feeling is repressed
thinking introvert
quiet, thoughtful and hypersensitive
childish, enigmatic and indifferent to the feelings and opinion of others
very little expression of emotion
thinking is repressed
feeling introvert
life guided by just what happens
artistic, passive and calm
detached from human affairs
main concern is over what happens
intuition is repressed
sensing introvert
odd, eccentric, daydreamer
creates a new but strange ideas
seldom understood by other people
life guided by inner experiences
intuiting introvert
well known pioneer in the field of dream analysis
Jung
contemporary psychoanalytic or Ego psychology
Erikson
first psychoanalyst in the city of boston
Erikson
Introduced psychohistory
Erikson
analysis of the lives of well known historical figures
psychohistory
birth to 1 year old
trust vs mistrust
2-3 years old
autonomy vs. shame and doubt
concerned with muscular maturation (ability to hold or let go)
autonomy vs. shame and doubt
sense of autonomy develops with the sense of ___
free choice
4-5 yrs old
initiative vs guilt
child experiences mobility and inquisitiveness
sense of mastery and responsibility
eager to learn and perform well
language and imagination develop
initiative vs guilt
must learn to set limits
initiative vs guilt
6-11 years old
industry vs inferiority
beginning of life outside the family
industry vs inferiority
school life beings here
stage of systematic instruction
child develops the need to do well
industry vs inferiority
12-20 years old
identity vs identity confusion
adolescent stage
parental model is questioned and new ones are tried
suffer from confusion roles,
doubts about sexual attractiveness
identity and identity confusion
20-24 years old
intimacy vs. isolation
stage where in individual are capable of committing to a partnership
intimacy vs isolation
25-65 years old
generatively vs stagnation
commitment widens with concerns of guiding and supporting the next generation
generatively vs stagnation
65-years old to death
integrity vs despair
acceptance of a unique life cycle\brings sense of order and meaning to a person
awareness of the value of other lifestyles ready to defend the dignity of their lifestyles
integrity vs despair
the striving for personal power is disastrous delusion and poisons man's living together. whoever desires the human community must renounce the striving for power over others
alfred adler
from vienna austria
believed that young people should be encouraged to make career or occupational choices early
adler
made associations with Freud after giving a defense regarding freudian theory
don't think that a person is driven by instinct alone
adler
coined the term individual psychology (applied psychology)
adler
belief that each is person is an integrated whole
humans strives to attain a future
drive to find meaning in life while working harmoniously with others
adler
the only person who is educated is the one who has learned how to learn and change
Rogers
an influential american psychologist
founder of the humanist approach to psychology
rogers
instrumental in the development of non-directive psychotherapy (client-centered therapy)
renamed to person-centered approach to reflect that his theories were meant to apply to all interactions between people (person-centered psychotherapy_
rogers
counseling rather than psychotherapy
therapists talk with the client
rogers
believed that there are 3 selves in us
self concept
real self
ideal self
rogers
when the only tool you own is a hammer, every problem begins to resemble a nail
maslow
took psychology at the university of wisconsin
interested in research on human sexuality
1934 began his crusade for humanistic psychology
maslow
developed hierarchy of needs
maslow
concerned with the human dimension of psychology and the human context for the development of psychological theory
human beings cannot be reduced to components
maslow
operant reinforcement theory
skinner
concentrated on the relationship of environment and behavior
skinner
if response is followed by a reward, the response will be strengthened, if a response is undesired, punishment is given
skinner operant reinforcement theory
graduated from the University of Cambridge as a developmental psychologist
performed volunteer work at a school of maladjusted children
bowlby
embarked a career as a child psychiatrist brought about by his own experience of the effects of early family relationships on personality development
bowlby
proposed attachment theory
bowlby
revolutionized our thinking about a child's tie to the mother and its disruption through separation, deprivation and bereavement
bowlby
assumes that humans are social beings
led to the new understanding of child development
attachment theory
be patient. knowledge grows gradually
pavlov
first educated at the church school and then in theological seminary
abandoned his religious career and decided to devote his life to science
pavlov
developed the idea of nervism
showed the existence of a basic pattern in the reflex regulation of activity of the circulatory organs
pavlov
developed the classical conditioning, respondent conditioning or alpha-conditioning
pavlov
when two things commonly occur together, the appearance of one will bring the other to mind
pavlov
currently the emeritus professor of psychology at the university of pennsylvania
premack
states that commonly occuring action can be used effectively as a reinforcer for a less commonly occurring one (reinforcement hierarchy)
premack
studied medicine and held a position in a swiss mental hospital
described as the most balanced of analysis
founded the berliner society of psychoanalysis
abraham
he studied the role of infant sexuality in character development and mental illness
devoted himself to the pioneering efforts in the psychoanalytic treatment of manic depression (bipolar disorder)
abraham
pleasure is the highest good
doctrine holding that behavior is motivated by the desire for pleasure and avoidance of pain
hedonistic theory
most frequently used as assessment of personality
minnesota Multiphasic personality inventory (MMPI)
designed to get info related to major psychiatric syndromes
567 true or false questions
MMPI
provide a summary that serves a global index of a person's general problem solving ability
intellectual ability assessment
most commonly encountered IQ measure
WAIS
measure amnesia and disorientation after head injury
GOAT
<65 - impaired
66-75 = borderline
>75 normal
GOAT
unchained the mentally ill, asylum movement
enlightenment (pinel and tuke) 1790
study of the mind and treatment approaches to psychiatric conditions flourished
scientific study (freud and kraepelin) 1870
mental disorders are caused by chemical imbalance
psychotropic drugs (1950)
individuals do not need to be hospitalized away from family
community mental health (1960)
congressional mandate
decade of the brain (1990)
promotion of patients highest level of functioning in the least restrictive environment
psychiatric rehabilitation
most important tools use for building trust, developing therapeutic relationships, providing support and comfort, encouraging growth and change, and implementing patient education
PT-Px communication
an interaction between 2 or more people that involves the exchange of information between a sender and a receiver
communication
reflected in patient's thoughts, which engender feelings and then produce behaviors
themes
the study of body movements
kinesics
refusal to admit an unacceptable idea or behavior
denial
involuntary forgetting of painful ideas, events, and conflicts
repression
exclusion from awareness anxiety-producing feelings, ideas, and situations
suppression
attempts to make or prove that one's feelings or behaviors are justifiable
rationalization
separation of painful feelings and emotions from an unacceptable idea, situation, or object
dissociation
attempt to model oneself after a respected person
identification
incorporating values and attitudes of others as if they were your own
introjection
covering up for a weakness by overemphasizing or making up a desirable trait
compensation
channeling instinctual drives into acceptable activities
sublimation
behavior that is the exact opposite of an unconscious feeling
reaction formation
doing something to counteract or make up for a transgression or wrongdoing
undoing
discharging pent-up feelings to a less threatening object
displacement
blaming someones else for one's difficulties or placing one's unethical desires on someone else
projection
expression of intrapsychic conflict symbolically through physical symptoms
conversion
return to an earlier and more comfortable developmental level
regression