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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Motor Strip
Supplemental Area
Motor Behavior
Broca's Area
Language
Prefrontal Cortex
divisions
left prefrontal
right prefrontal
orbitofrontal cortex
Prefrontal Cortex
function
perserveration
engaging in repeated unnecessary behavior
disinhibition
sudden outbursts of temper
reinstatement of infnatile sucking and rooting reflexes (frontal release signs)
Left Prefrontal
responible for ...
activation produces positive mood (fMRI)
Left Prefrontal Lesion
leads to ...
depression
Right Prefrontal
responsible for ...
activation produces stress (fMRI)
Right Prefrontal Lesion
leads to ...
elevated mood (mania-like)
Oribitofrontal cortex
responsible for ...
"reward circuit"
dopamine-driven
activated in addicts
Limbic Lobes
resp. for ...
emotions
Papez Circuit
Hippocampus
Fornix
Amygdala
Septum
Part of the thalamus
Cingulate gyrus and related structures
Limbic structres (amygdala and hippocampus) and prefronatl cortex are rueduced in ...
Schizophrenia
Basal Ganglia
resp. for ...
executive function
Basal Ganglia
4 components:
STriatum
Pallidum
Substantia Nigra
Subthalamic Nucleus
Overactive stiratum and damage to substantia-nigra lead to
Parkinsons
Underactivity of the striatum and shrinking of the caudate are associated with
Huntington's Disease
DAmage to the caudate is associated with
Tourette-like symptoms (TICS)
Dominant Hemishpere
left
Left sphere
resp. for ...
language function
Right sphere
resp. for ...
perception, spatial, music, puzzles
Neurotransmitters
3 classes:
Biogenic Amines
Amino Acids
Peptides
Biogenic Amines (monoamines
act:
presynaptic
Amino Acids
act:
presynaptic
Peptides
synthesized:
in neuronal cell bodies
Can endocrine hormones function as neurotransmitters?
Yes
Neurotransmitters are ____ if they increase the chance that a neuron will fire
excitatory
Neurotransmitters are ____ if they decrease the chance that a neuron will fire
inhibitory
What system keeps the thoughts organized?
GABA system
Biogenic Amines
ex's:
dopamine
norepinephrine
serotonin
acetylcholine
Dopamine
function:
mood