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54 Cards in this Set

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A therapist who uses a variety of psychological theories and therapeutic methods is said to be
eclectic.
hile focusing on several intrusive thoughts that had been bothering her recently, Jenny was instructed by her therapist to report any ideas or memories stimulated by these thoughts. Jenny's therapist was making use of a technique known as:
free association.
Classical psychoanalysts were especially interested in:
interpreting the meaning of clients' resistance to therapeutic procedures.
Who emphasized the importance of active listening in the process of psychotherapy?
Carl Rogers
A therapist helps Rebecca overcome her fear of water by getting her to swim in the family's backyard pool three times a day for two consecutive weeks. The therapist's approach to helping Rebecca best illustrates:
exposure therapy.
In a residential treatment facility for troubled youth, adolescent children receive large colored buttons when they hang up their clothes, make their beds, and come to meals on time. The children return the buttons to staff members in order to receive bedtime snacks or watch TV. This best illustrates an application of:
operant conditioning.
Cognitive therapists are most likely to
emphasize the importance of clients' personal interpretations of life events.
Nancy's therapist encourages her to think about her strengths rather than her weaknesses and to develop a habit of thanking others when they compliment her or provide emotional support. The therapist's approach best illustrates:
. cognitive-behavior therapy
Psychotherapy is likely to be most effective when a client's problem is:
clear-cut.
Which of the following is least likely to be used for the treatment of depression?
EMDR
Because she mistakenly believes that the herbal remedy she is using will help her lose weight, Mrs. Redding is feeling a considerable reduction in her appetite. This best illustrates:
the placebo effect.
Systematic desensitization is a form of:
exposure therapy
The double-blind technique is most likely to be used in evaluating the effectiveness of:
drug therapies.
Tardive dyskinesia is associated with the long-term use of certain ________ drugs.
antipsychotic
Which of the following individuals is most likely to benefit from lithium?
Miranda, who experiences periods of extreme sadness followed by episodes of optimistic overexcitement
During her weekly therapy sessions, Sabrina will often abruptly shift the focus of her attention and lose her train of thought. A psychoanalyst would suggest that this illustrates:
resistance
Who emphasized the importance of transference in the therapeutic process?
Sigmund Freud
Client-centered therapists emphasize the importance of:
enabling clients to feel unconditionally accepted.
In order to help Adam reduce his fear of dogs, a therapist encourages him to physically relax and then simply imagine that he is walking toward a friendly and harmless little dog. The therapist's technique best illustrates:
systematic desensitization.
In order to help Janet overcome her nearly irresistible craving for chocolate, a therapist provides her with a supply of chocolate candies that contain solidified droplets of a harmless but very bitter-tasting substance. This approach to treatment best illustrates:
aversive conditioning.
A token economy represents an application of the principles of:
operant conditioning.
The goal of stress inoculation training is to reduce incapacitating anxiety by encouraging people to say positive things to themselves during anxiety-producing situations. This best illustrates a form of:
cognitive therapy.
Which form of psychotherapy is least likely to occur in therapist-led small groups?
psychoanalysis
Many physicians did not realize that bleeding was an ineffective treatment for typhoid fever until researchers made effective use of:
a control group.
Which of the following factors is not a therapeutically effective component of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing?
rapidly moving one's eyes
The most effective psychotherapists are those who:
establish an empathic, caring relationship with their clients.
Which of the following drugs is most likely to provide schizophrenia patients with some relief from their auditory hallucinations and paranoia?
. Thorazine
Which of the following is a selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitor?
Prozac
Patients receive a general anesthetic and muscle relaxant prior to treatment with:
ECT.
Considering the greatest range of factors that may contribute to the process of healing is most clearly facilitated by a(n) ________ approach to therapy.
biopsychosocial
psychotherapy
treatment involving psychological techniques between a therapist to achieve personal growth.
biomedical therapy
prescribed medication or medical procedures that act directly on the patients nervous system
electic approach
an approach to psychotherapy depending on the clients problems uses techniques from various froms of therapy
virtual reality exposure therapy
anxiety treatment that exposes patients to their greatest fears.
transference
the patients transfer to yhe anylyst of emotions linked with other relationships (love/hate for paretns)
token economy
an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token for giving exhibited behaviors and can later exchange tokens for treats.
systematic desensitization
a type of counter conditioning that associates a triggering stimuli pleasant relaxed states gradually increased anxiety triggering stimuli . Commonly used to treat phobias.
resistance
in psychoanalysis the blocking from conicience of anxiety laden material
psychoanalysis
Sigmund Freuds theraputic technique. Patients associations and therapists interpretation allow the patient to gain self insight.
interpretation
In psychoanalysis the analysts noting supposed free associations in order to promote insight.
Family therapy
Therapy that treats family as a system. Views an individuals unwanted behaviors as influenced by or directed at other family members.
Exposure therapies
behavioral techniques such as systematic desensitazation that treat anxietys by exposing people to things they fear or avoid.
Counter conditioning
a behavior therapy procedures that conditions new responses to stimuli that triggered unwanted behaviors; based on classic conditioning. includes EXPOSURE therapy and AVERSIVE conditioning.
Counter behavior therapy
a popular integrated therapy that combines a cognitive therapy (changing self defeating thinking) with behavior therapy (changing behavior).
Cognitive behavior therapy
Therapy that teaches people new more adaptive ways of thinking and acting, based on the assumptions that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions
Client centered therapy
Humanistic theory developed by Carl Rogers in which therapists uses techniques such as active listening to facilitate growth.
behavior therapy
therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors
aversive conditioning
a type of counter conditioning that associates and unpleasant state such as nausea with an unwanted behavior such as drinking.
Active listening
Empathatic listening in which the listener echoes and restates and clarifies. A feature of Rogers' Client oriented therapy.
rTMS
the application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or supress brain activity.
psycho surgery
surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior.
psychopharmacology
study of side effects of drugs on mind behavior
lobotomy
a now rare psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollable emotions
ECT
A bio medical therapy for extremely depressed patients in which a brief electric current goes to the brain of anistesized patient.