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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Thalamus
relays sensory messages to the cerebral cortex.
Circadian
Rythm with a period of 24 hours
Medulla
breathing and heart rate
Infradian
Rhythm with a period of less than 24 hours
Lobes of the Brain
Frontal Lobe - muscles
Parietal Lobe - pressure, pain
Occipital Lobe - vision
Temporal Lobe - memory, emotion
Process of Neurotransmission
molecules are released into the synaptic cleft and they bind with receptor sites and change the electrical state of the receiving neuron.
Theory
An organized system of assumptions and principles that purport to explain a set of phenomena
Hypnosis
A procedure where a practicioner suggests changes in feelings thoughts, behavior.
Nervous System
Consists of the Central and peripheral nervous system.
Applied Psychology
Psychology with practical uses
Hypothesis
A statement that attempts to predict or to account for a set of phenoma.
Olfactory Bulb
Sense of smell
Near emotional areas of brain
Experiment
A controlled test of a hypothesis where the researcher manipulates a variable.
Ultradian
Rythm with a period of more than 24 hours
Cerebellum
regulates movement and balance, simple responses.
Neurotransmitters
Chemicals that alter the activity of the receiving neuron
Four explanations of dreaming
Psychoanalytic - wishes
Problem focused - concerns
Mental Housekeeping-conections
Activiation Synthesis - random firing
Lucid Dream
Dream where the person knows he's dreaming and may control the events in the dream
Descriptive Study
A researcher describes and predicts behaviors.
Humanist
One influential movement. Emphasizes personal growth and potential
Correlational Studies
A descriptive study looking for a relationship between 2 phenoma
3 Early schools of psychology
Structuralism - Titchner
Functionalism - James
Psychoanalysis - Freud
Endorphins
Chemicals involved in pain reduction
Hormones
Chemical messangers produced in the endocrine glands
5 major Perspectives
Biological, Learning
Cognitive, Sociocultural
Psychodynamic
Freud
1856-1939
Father of Psychoanalysis
Interpretation of Dreams
REM
Rapid Eye Movement, sleep stage, dreams, loss of muscle tone.
Basic Psychology
Knowledge for its own sake
Feminist
One influential movement. Found bias in research methods.
Psychology
Discipline concerned with behavior and mental processes and how they are affedted by their environment.
Stages of Sleep
Awake - small rapid
Stage 1 - rapid
Stage 2 - sleep spindles
Stage 3 - some delta
Stage 4 - mostly delta
REM - rapid irregular
Pons
Involved in Sleeping, waking, dreaming
Parts of a neuron
Myelin Sheath
Axon Terminal
Node
Dendrite
Synapse
Wilhelm Wundt
1832-1902
Made Psychology a science
Classes of drugs
Depressants
Stimulants
Opiates
Psychedelic
Phineas Gage
Prefrontal Cortex
Emotional Processing