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63 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Striving for Perfection
Alfred Adler
the motivating force behind our behavior and experience
Compensation
basic motivation
compensate to overcome our our problems
individual psychology
"un-divided psychology"
style of life
how you live your life
handle problems and interpersonal relationships
fictional finalism
don't know if there is truly a heaven or hell but we believe that there is
the fiction lies in the future, but it influences our current behavior
social interest
social feeling
social concern
sympathy for others or lack there of
considering of surrounding social environment
inferiority
psychological or psyiological
we are self- involoved because we are overwhelmed by our inferiority
psychological inferiorities
??
inferiority complex
being overwhelemed by feelings of inferiority
neurosis
Life-size problem
effects every aspect of your life
(shy, submissive, dependant, etc)
superiority complex
covering up your feelings of insecurity by pretending to be superior
anxiety
??
neurotic needs
our attempt at making life better
coping mechanisms
very normal person- major mental health issues
parental indifference
lack of warmth or attention in early childhood
Basic anxiety
feelings of helplessness
self
core of your being, potential
despised self
think you become the bad stuff people say about you
ideal self
unrealistic, unattainable
hierarchy of needs
pysiological
saftey
belonging
esteem
self-actualization
physiological needs
need for basic stuff(water, vitamins, food, sleep, etc.)
safety and security needs
order, structure, limits, safety, security
love and belonging needs
friends, family, children, marriage, dating, clubs
esteem needs
inner self- esteem
outer: respect for and of others , need for status, confidence, achievement, mastery
deficit needs
if you don't fulfill them you will feel a constant need for them- once you have them you are satisfied
-we seek to balance ourselves out
homeostasis
??
instinctoid
??
self-actualization
"be all you can be"- realizing your full potential
in touch with yourself
being needs
can never go in defficit
continued to be felt and get stronger
have to meet others needs first and then can realize your own potential
"self - actualizers"
no more than 2% of the world
the actualizing tendancy
a built in motivation present in every life form to develop it's potential to the fullest extent possible
every creature strives to be the best they can be
organismic valuing
the ability to see good through our senses
positive regard
love, affection, nuturing etc.
positive self-regard
self- esteem, self- worth, positive self- image, etc.
conditions of worth
giving positive regard with conditions
may change the way you are to get positive effect
conditional positive regard
giving positive regard with conditions
conditions of positive self- regard
we only like ourselves if we meet other standards(don't live up to your potential, but to what others have said you can live up to)
incongruity
gap between real self and ideal self "I should be" out of sync with real self- mor incongruity = more suffering
real self
part of being that is founded in the actualizing tendancies(pos. stuff)
ideal self
standards of our culture we can't meet but want to
defenses
things we use to avoid anxiety
anxiety
??
denial
block out the threatening situation
perceptual distortion
reinterpreting a situation so it appears less threatening
the fully-functioning person
openess to experience
existontial living- here& now
organismic trusting- we know what's best for us
exeriential freedom- recog. freedom & take resp.4 choices
creativity
neuroticism
fairly calm - nervous
nervous scale, ppl have really high responsive sympathetic nervous system- may be more neurotis
extraversion
loud, outgoing, like ppl around, less inhibited
introversion
shy, quiet, like to be alone, more overwhelmed, more inhibited
ectomorphs
slender, tall people, fine features
mesomorphs
stockier, muscular
endomorphs
pearshaped,chubby,
cerebrotonics
intellectual, shy, nervous
somatonics
active, energetic, fit
viscerotonics
sociable, loves food
35 factors
8 strengths contain 35 factors
5 factors
extroversion vs. introversion
agreeableness
concientious
emotional stability vs. neurotiscism
culture or openess to experience
Barnum effect
making broad predictions that will fit almost anyone
Projective tests
presents subject with ambigous stimuli and asks them to tell a story or describe it - projecting feelings, desires, etc. from our subconcious onto the stimuli
Rorschach inkblot test
asks person to describe what they see in a series of 10 inkblots- describe why u gave the response u did- everything about ure response is recorded
Thematic Apperception Test(TAT)
given a picture you make up a story about what is going on in it- and what happens after the picutre
Objective tests
self report tests- answering pen and paper- asseses personality by asking questions about you- respons with limited amount of answer choices
Standardized testing
giving the test to a large number of ppl and pick out the questions that fit- MMPI
Face Validity
???
MMPI
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
550 questions- 10 clinical categories, 4 validity scales, gets rid of lying, cheating, or being carless- diagnostic test