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47 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
A) rehearsal.
B) priming.
C) encoding.
D) relearning.
E) retrieval.
retrieval
A) repression.
B) priming.
C) retroactive interference.
D) proactive interference.
E) the spacing effect.
priming
A) mood-congruent
B) shortterm
C) flashbulb
D) implicit
shortterm
A) retrieval cues.
B) encoding devices.
C) iconic memories.
D) automatic processing devices.
retrieval cues
eerie sense of having previously experienced a situation or event.
emotional arousal produced by events that prime us to recall associated events.
tendency to remember experiences that are consistent with one's current mood.
unconscious activation of particular associations in memory.
eerie sense of having previously experienced a ssituation or event
A) echoic
B) iconic
C) implicit
D) explicit
explicit
numerical scores of intelligence serve to dehumanize individuals.
test performance is influenced by cultural experiences.
the reliability of intelligence tests is close to zero.
the heritability of intelligence is 100 percent.
test performance is influenced by cultural experiences
a person's test performance can be compared with that of a pretested group.
the test will yield consistent results when administered on different occasions.
it accurately measures what it is intended to measure.
most test scores will cluster near the average.
a person's test performance cn be compared with that of a pretested group
4.5.
5.
125.
4.
80.
80
A) ability to learn from experience.
B) general trait that underlies success on nearly any task.
C) multiple array of completely independent adaptive traits.
D) inborn ability to perform well on standard intelligence tests.
ability to learn from experience
creativity.
savant syndrome.
the g factor.
the Flynn effect.
the intelligence quotient.
savant syndrome
sixth-grade; 115
tenth-grade; 95
second-grade; 125
preschool; 80
tenth grade; 95
A) thalamus.
B) parasympathetic nervous system.
C) hypothalamus.
D) cortex.
cortex
Charles Darwin
Stanley Schachter
William James
Walter Cannon
Richard Lazarus
William James
central
parasympathetic
sympathetic
somatic
sympathetic
lips.
hand gestures.
body postures.
eyes.
eyes
B) best; high
C) worst; moderate
D) best; moderate
E) best; low
best; moderate
feel-good, do-good phenomenon.
relative deprivation principle.
catharsis hypothesis.
adaptation-level principle.
two-factor theory.
carthasis hypothesis
lack of exercise.
hypertension.
smoking.
all of the above.
all of the above
elevated cholesterol levels.
classical conditioning.
aerobic exercise.
biofeedback.
Type A behaviors.
classical conditioning
once a week.
more than once a week.
less than once a week.
less than once a year.
more then once a week
neuropsychology.
behavioral psychology.
psychobiology.
health psychology.
medical psychology.
health psychology
cancer.
malaria.
AIDS.
strokes.
heart disease.
AIDS
unconscious.
fixated.
displaced.
preconscious.
projected.
preconscious
the Barnum effect.
projection.
factor analysis.
unconditional positive regard.
the halo effect.
the Barnum Effect
recovery of repressed memories.
fixation of repressed sexual desires.
displacement of repressed hostilities.
projection of repressed fears.
recovery of repressed memories
reaction formation.
the spotlight effect.
fixation.
external locus of control.
self-serving bias.
self-serving bias
projections.
traits.
fixations.
aptitudes.
traits
an Electra complex.
the spotlight effect.
self-serving bias.
an internal locus of control.
the Barnum effect.
self-serving bias
obsessive-compulsive disorder
dissociative identity disorder
schizophrenia
bipolar disorder
schizophrenia
obsessive-compulsive disorder
dissociative identity disorder
schizophrenia
bipolar disorder
bipolar disorder
a lack of guilt feelings/empathy.
episodes of intense autonomic nervous system arousal.
disruptions in conscious awareness and sense of identity.
delusions of grandeur.
a persistent, irrational fear of people.
a lack of guilt, feelings/empathy
insane.
catatonic.
neurotic.
dysthymic.
manic-depressive.
neurotic
interfere with effective research on the causes of these disorders.
interfere with effective treatment of these disorders.
represent attempts by psychologists to explain behavior by simply naming it.
bias our perceptions of the labeled person.
bias our perceptions of a labled person
Psychopharmacology involves the study of how:
physical relaxation reduces anxiety.
diseases influence psychological well-being.
exercise alleviates depression.
psychosurgery and ECT influence emotions.
drugs affect mind and behavior.
drugs affect mind and behavior
cognitive therapy
eclectic therapy
electroconvulsive therapy
aversive conditioning
systematic desensitization
aversive conditioning
replacement of a genuine concern for others with self-centeredness.
conversion of psychological conflicts into physical and behavioral disorders.
blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material during therapy.
expression toward a therapist of feelings linked with earlier relationships.
blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material during thapry
systematic desensitization.
free association.
active listening.
stress inoculation training.
observational learning.
systematic desensitization
aversive conditioning.
operant conditioning.
free association.
transference.
systematic desensitization.
aversive conditioning
self-inflicted.
clear-cut.
the result of unconscious conflicts.
long-standing and habitual.
a response to a stressful life situation.
clear-cut
how people explain others' behavior.
social facilitation and social loafing.
the process of revealing intimate aspects of ourselves to others.
the impact of both heredity and environment on social behavior.
the loss of self-awareness that occurs in group situations.
how people explain others behavior
social exchange theory
the two-factor theory
scapegoat theory
cognitive dissonance theory
equity theory
cognitive dissonance theory
informational social influence.
social facilitation.
normative social influence.
the foot-in-the-door phenomenon.
the mere exposure effect.
information social influence
passionate love.
the just-world phenomenon.
the bystander effect.
social facilitation.
the mere exposure effect.
passionate love
each individual has a unique perspective.
individuals have not formed any opinion.
individuals share a similar opinion.
two subgroups of individuals have opposing opinions.
individuals share a similar opinion
Birds of a feather flock together.
Familiarity breeds contempt.
Absence makes the heart grow fonder.
The beautiful are the lonely.
birds of a feather flock together
groupthink.
superordinate goals.
altruism.
nonconformity.
ingroup bias.
nonconformity