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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Mood state characterized by marked negative affect and bodily symptoms of tension in which a person apprehensively anticipates future danger or misfortune
Emotional response consisting of an immediate alarm reaction to present danger or life threatening emergencies
Sudden overwhelming fright or terror
Panic attack
Abrupt experience of intense fear of discomfort in the absence of danger accompanied by a number of physical symptoms, such as dizziness or heat palpitation
Behavioral inhibition system (BIS)
brain circuit in the limbic system that responds to threat signals by inhibiting activity and causing anxiety
fight/ flight system (FFS)
Brain circuit in animals that when stimulated causes an immediate alarm and escape response resembling human panic
generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
Anxiety disorder characterized by intense, uncontrollable, unfocused , chronic and continuous worry that is distressing and unproductive accompanied by physical symptoms of tenseness irritability and restlessness
panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA)
fear and avoidance of situations the person believes might induce a dreaded panic attack
Anxiety about being in places or situations from which escape might be difficult
panic disorder without agoraphobia (PD)
Panic attacks experiences without development of agoraphobia
Panic control treatment (PCT)
Cognitive behavioral treatment for panic attacks, involving gradual exposure to feared somatic sensations and modification of perceptions and attitudes about them
Specific phobia
unreasonable fear of a specific object or situation that markedly interferes with daily life functioning
blood-injury-injection phobia
unreasonable fear and avoidance of exposure to blood, injury or the possibility of an injection. Victims often experience fainting and a drop in blood pressure
situational phobia
fear of enclosed places or public transportation
natural environment phobia
fear of situations or events in nature, especially height, storms and water
animal phobia
unreasonable, enduring fear of animals or insects that usually develops early in life
separation anxiety disorder
excessive, enduring fear in some children that harm will come to them or their parents while they are apart
social phobia
extreme, eduring, irrational fear and avoidance of social or performance situations
post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Enduring, distressing emotional disorder that follows esposure to a severe helpless- or fear inducing threat. The victim reexperiences the trauma, avoids stimuli associated with it and develops a numbing of responsiveness and an increased vigilance and arousal
Acute stress disorder
severe reaction immediately following a terrifying event, often including amnesia about the event, emotional numbing and derealization. Many victims later develop post traumatic stress disorder
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
Anxiety disorder involving unwanted, persistant, intrusive thoughts and impulses as well as repetitive actions intended to suppress them.
recurrent intrusive thoughts or impulses the client seeks to suppress or neutralize while recognizing they are not imposed by outside forces.
Repetitive, ritualistic, time consuming behaviors or mental acts a person feels driven to perform
shorthand term for alter ego, the different personalities or identities in dissociative identity disorder
dissociative identity disorder (DID)
Formerly known as multiple personality disorder; a disorder in which as many as 100 personalities or fragments of personalities coexist within one body and mind
dissociative trance disorder (DTD)
Altered state of consciousness in which the person believes firmly that he or she is possessed by spirits; considered a disorder only where there is distress and dysfunction
dissociative fugue
dissociative disorder featuring sudden, unexpected travel from home, along with an inability to recall one's past, sometimes with assumption of a new identity
localized amnesia
memory loss limited to specific times and events, particularly traumatic events
generalized amnesia
condition in which the person loses memory of all personal information, including his or her own identity
dissociative amnesia
Dissociative disorder featuring the inability to recall personal information, usually of a stressful or traumatic nature
depersonalization disorder
dissociative disorder in which feelings of depersonalization are so severe they dominate the client's life and prevent normal functioning
situation in which the individual loses his or her sense of the reality of the external world
body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)
Somatoform disorder featuring a disruptive preoccupation with some imagined defect in appearance ("imagined ugliness")
pain disorder
Somatoform disorder featuring true pain but for which psychological factors play an important role in onset, severity or maintenance
factitious disorder
nonexistent physical or psychological disorder deliberately faked for no apparent gain except possibly sympathy and attention
deliberate faking of a physical or psychological disorder motivated by gain
conversion disorder
physical malfunctioning, such as blindness or paralysis, suggesting neurological impairment but with no organic pathology to account for it
somatization disorder
Somatoform disorder involving extreme and long-lasting focus on multiple physical symptoms for which no medical cause is evident
somatoform disorder involving severe anxiety over the belief that one has a disease process without any evident of physical cause
dissociative disorders
disorders in which individuals feel detached from themselves or their surroundings, and reality, experience, and identity may disintegrate
somatoform disorders
pathological concerns of individuals with the appearance or functioning of their bodies, usually in the absence of any identifiable medical condition