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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
fixed ratio
reinforces a response only after a specified number of responses
variable ratio
reinforces a response after an unpredictable number of responses
fixed interval
reinforces a responses only after a specified time has elapsed
variable interval
reinforces a response at unpredictable time intervals
conditioning procedure in which reinforcers guide behaivor toward closer approximations of a desired goal
conscious repitition of information
spacing effect
distributed practice yields better long term retention than massed practice
serial position effect
tendancy to recall best the last and first items in a list
method of loci
imagine moving through a familiar series of locations
chunking- coorganizing items into familiar, manageable units
ironic memory
a momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli
echoic memory
momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli
explicit memory
memory of facts and experiences that one can consciously know and declare
episodic memory
memory tied to your own personal experiences
semantic memory
general facts and definitions about the world
implicit memory
retention without conscious recollection
procedual memory
memory that enables you to perform specific learned skills or habitual responses
activation of one or more existing memories by a stimulus
conceptual priming
when priming stimulus influences your flow of thoughts
perceptual priming
when a priming stimulus enhances ability to identify a test stimulus based on its physical features
mental activity associating with processing, understanding and communicating information
mental grouping of similar objects, events or people
the best example of a category
rest period during problem solving in which one hopes the solution is forming in their head
methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarentees solving a particular problem
rule of thumb strategy
base rate probility
probability that an event will occur or fall into a certain category
sudden and often novel realiztion of the solution to a problem
James- lange theory of emotion
experience of emotion is awareness of physiological responses to emotion- arousing stimulus
cannon- bard theory of emotion
emotion- arousing stimulus simulataneously triggers physiological responses and subjective experience of emotion
schacter's two factor theory of emotion
to experience emotion one must be physically aroused and cognitively label the arousal
somantic theory of emotion
brain interprets muscle activation in face as an emotion
operates on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification
the part of personaliy that presensts internalized ideals
the large unconscious, executive part of personality
refusing to accept that the feeling is present
relegating anxiety
attributing one's undesirable traits or actions to others
reverting to the comfort of behaivors of an earlier stage of development in order to cope
reaction formation
defense mechanism by which the ego unconsciuously swithces unacceptable impulses into their opposites
substituting a less- threating object for the subject of the hostile or sexual impulse