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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
study of sensations, feelings, and images associated with conscious experience. Trying to define the structure of consciousness.
argued consciousness should be studied as a whole, not piece by piece
Gestalt Psychology
all behavior can be traced to psychological processes
how the mind works in allowing an organism to adapt to the environment
study of only observable behavior and explain behavior via learning principles
activity of the nervous system, especially of the brain; the action of hormones and other chemicals; and genetics
Biological Approach
the ways in which behavior and mental processes are adaptive for survival
Evolutionary Approach
internal conflicts, mostly unconscious, which usually pit sexual or aggressive instincts against environmental obstacles to their expression
Psychodynamic approach
focus on learning, especially each person's experience with rewards and punishments
Behavioral approach
mechanisms through which people receive, store, retrieve, and otherwise process information
Cognitive Approach
emphasizes individual potential for growth and the role of unique perceptions in guiding behavior and mental processes
Humanistic Approach
the study of humankind as a whole
integration in small scale societies
all people are equally human
view each culture in its own values and traditions
cultural relativism
passing of ones own culture through generations
exchange of customs and traditions between two cultures
adjust to environmental conditions for survival
4 fields of anthropology
physical, linguistic, cultural, archaeology
study and description of an ethnic group
comparative study of cultures
Struggle between communist and democratic nations in the post war world
Cold War
term used to describe countries that weren't aligned with communism or democracy during the cold war
Third World
after germany annexed the sudetenland and then continued their expansion leading to WWII. you cannot appease an aggressive military dictator and expect peace
Munich Lesson
American ambassador whose "long telegram" stated that the soviet union was aggressively expansionist, which led to the escalation of the cold war in 1946
George F. Kennan
Aid to countries in europe that cooperated with the USA. Bolstered economic conditions in Western Europe to prevent desperate citizens from resorting to communism.
Marshall Plan
Soviet blockade of American railways to Berlin with the objective of giving the soviets total practical control of Berlin. Was countered by the USA with the Berlin airlift.
Berlin Blockade
North american treaty organization. Was formed in order to defend against communism spreading.
conflict over the division of Korea. Communist North which was backed by the USSR and China, vs. the democratic south which was backed by the USA and the united nations.
Korean War
began USA's policy of containment
Truman Doctrine
Act signed by Truman in 1947 that established the CIA and realigned the armed forces in the USA
National Security Act