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29 Cards in this Set

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Name the 4 Functions of the Brain
1. Control/Regulate biological functions
2. Handle Sensory Info
3. Control animal actions
4. Learning (primary function)
These are cells that send/receive info (around 100-200 billion) in the brain tissue
Neurons
These cells provide structure and nutrition
Glial Cells
These cells are the fally cells around axons
Myelin
There are 10-15 times as many _________ than neurons.
Support Cells (Glial & Myelin)
This is the sending of messages
Neuronal Conduction
The _______ process is both electrical (the action potential - in the cell)and chemical(neurotransmitters - between cells).
Electrochemical
This man found that messages take time. The conduction rate is 30 messages/second
Helmholtz
Mind-altering drugs affect _______
Neurotransmitters
LSD mimics and therefore blocks _____
Serotonin
Cocaine blocks reuptake of _________ and ________ leading to the overabundance of these.
Dopamine and Norepenephrine
Alcohole produces ________
Endorphins
Dopamine in the cortex leads to ________ Disease
Parkinsons
The two cortex hemispheres are connected by _________. When this is split it results in "split brain" syndrome
Corpus Callosum
This is the crack or division in the brain.
Fissure
This is the last to develope in the brain, but the first to leave.
Frontal Lobe
This part of the brain affects vision.
Occipital Lobe
This part of the brain affects language and dreams.
Temporal Lobe
This part of the brain affects movement and tactile functions.
Parietal Lobe
The _________ is the part of the brain affecting memory.
Hippocampus
The _________ is the part of the brain affecting emotion and behavior regulation.
Amygdala
Finnius Gage completely changed when a railroad spike went through this part of his brain.
Amygdala
The _________ is the part of the brain affecting pleasure and basic drives.
Hypothalamus
The hippocampus, amygdala and hypothalamus are found below the ______ and above the ______
Cortex & Brainstem
This is the oldest part of us. It controls many functions as in movements, sleep and arousal and involuntary processes like breating, the pumping of blood, pooping, etc.
Brainstem
________ Map studied "cytoarchitecture" (types of cells and their arrangement."
Broadmann's
This type of imaging uses x-rays for spooting major damage within the brain. It is not very detailed.
CT Scan
This type of imaging reads clectrical impulses through the skull. It shows good temporal resolution (knows when things happened). Has bad spatial resolution (don't know where).
ERP/EEG
This type of imaging uses big magnets to detect oxygen in the blood. Shoes great spatial resolution, but poor temporal resolution. Compares resting to acting
fMRI