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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are some lab findings that can help diagnose chronic drinking?
> MCV
> GGT
> HDL
What is the treatment of alcohol intoxication?
Supportive measures

Alcohol dependents should receive folate and thiamine
State of mind with an alcohol level of upto 1.0
Euphoria and disinhibition
State of mind with an alcohol level of 1.0-1.5
Irritability
Mood swings
Incoordination
State of mind with an alcohol level of 1.5-2.0
Apathy
Ataxia
Dysarthria
At what alcohol level do you have alcoholic coma?
2.5- 4.0
Alcohol withdrawal symptoms on day 1
N/V
Blurred vision
Anxiety
Tremulous
Tinnitus
Alcohol withdrawal symptoms on day 2
Convulsions
Alcohol withdrawal symptoms on days 2-8
Delirium
Symptoms of Wernicke's
Nystagmus
Ataxia
Confusion
Symptoms of Korsakoff
Confabulation
Short-term Amnesia
Most common drug tx for alcohol withdrawal
Benzodiazepines (Librium)
Treatment for Status epilepticus
Valium 10mg IV slowly
What are the physical signs of opiod intoxication?
Miosis
CNS & resp dep
N/V
Slurred speech
Tx for opiod intoxication?
Narcan

For withdrawal consider Methadone
Name some sedative-hypnotics
BBQ

Barbiturates

Benzodiazepines:
Halcion
Ativan
Valium
Librium

Quaaludes
What is the treatment of Sedative-Hypnotic-Anxiolytics withdrawal?
Treat by tapering with same/similar drug slowly
What type of drugs are LSD and mescaline; what is the treatment?
Hallucinogens

Treat with:
Benzodiazepines
Haldol
Name some Stimulants
Cocaine
Caffeine
Amphetamines- speed,ecstasy
Phen-phen- Diet pills
Ephedrine- cold pills