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24 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
emotion
a state of arousal based on subjective states of feeling, like sadness, anger, and disgust
affect
the pattern of observable behaviors associated with each emotion, such as facial expressions, pitch of voice, or body movements
mood
a pervasive and sustained emotional response that can even color the person's view of the world
mood disorders are defined in terms of ____
episodes
unipolar mood disorder
the person experiences only episodes of depression
bipolar mood disorder
the person experiences both manic episodes and depressive episodes
psychomotor retardation
behavioral symptoms that may accompany serious depression such as slow movement, long pauses, etc.
Kraeplin
proposed the first widely accepted classification system of depression: schizophrenia and manic-depressive psychosis
2 major issues in debate of definitions of mood disorders
1)should definitions be defined in broad or narrow fashion? 2)how do you define the additional symptoms in relation to the disorder?
2 types of unipolar mood disorder
major depressive disorder and dysthymic disorder
3 types of bipolar mood disorder
bipolar I, bipolar II, cyclothymic disorder
bipolar I
one or more manic episodes
bipolar II (3 criteria)
one or more major depressive episodes
at least one hypomanic episode
no manic episodes
hypomania
episodes of increased energy that are not as severe as mania (only lasts 4 days as opposed to 1 week for mania)
cyclothymia
a chronic but less severe form of bipolar disorder
melancholia
a severe type of depression (may be more biological)
onset of bipolar mood disorders usually occur between the ages of _ and_
28 to 33
George Brown
major stressful events in life contribute to depression
MAO-Is
can be effective in treating depression; also used for anxiety disorders
SSRIs
most frequently used antidepresent
tryicyclics (TCAs)
equal to SSRIs in success rate
Autonomy-achievement
excessive concern for independence and a lack of concern for others; highly achievement-oriented in work/school
sociotropy
excessive investment in interpersonal relationships
personality-event congruence hypothesis
people become depressed when experience the type of stress that matches their personality trait