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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
principles v. standards
general principles: aspirational goals intended to guide psychologists toward the highest ideals of psychology, but not enforceable

standards: enforceable, failure to comply could result in termination of APA membership, and possible sanctions by other bodies such as the licensing board
consultation v. supervision v. training v. referring out
consultation: when familiar w/ treating a disorder but not an expert or when have concerns about remaining objective

supervision: when applying a newly learned technique or beginning to work with a specialized population

training: when unfamiliar w/ a certain area of knowledge

referring out: when personal beliefs and issues interfere with the therapy, when the client feels uncomfortable w/ the psychologist, or when lacking competence in treating the presenting problem
multiple relationships v. bartering
multiple relationships: when a psychologist is in a professional role and a non-professional role with a client or someone close to the client- a psychologist should not enter into a multiple relationship if it might impair the psychologist's objectivity, competence, or effectiveness, or if it might harm or exploit the other party

bartering: acceptance of goods or services from clients in return for psych services- permissive as long as it is not clinically contraindicated or exploitative
the current Ethics Code allows for solicitation and use of testimonials as long as they are never solicited from current clients or from any persons who are vulnerable to undue influence
sex with patients v. treating former sexual partners
sex with patients: psychologists may never engage in sex with current patients and may only engage in sex with former therapy clients in the "most unusual circumstances"

treating former sexual partners: psychologists may never treat former sexual partners
subpoena v. court-order
subpoena: usually issued by attorneys, may require only therapist to appear or therapist and records, if client does not want to release records, therapist must still appear

court-order: signed by a judge and carries the weight of the law, psychologists must comply or be held in contempt of court
court-appointed evaluation v. court-ordered therapy
court-appointed evaluation: the psychologist is retained by the court to evaluate a defendant, confidentiality re: results of the evaluation is waived

court-ordered therapy: court has ordered a defendant to seek therapy as a condition of the sentence, client has confidentiality rights and there is a need for a release
expert witness
An expert witness is a witness, who by virtue of education, or profession, or experience, is believed to have special knowledge of his subject beyond that of the average person, sufficient that others may officially (and legally) rely upon his opinion
child custody evaluation
rights and responsibilities of the parents determined based on based on "best interests of the child," evaluation includes parenting capacity, the psychological and developmental needs of the child, and the resulting fit, psychologist remains objective, avoids multiple relationships, obtains consent from adults and assent from children, uses multiple methods of data gathering, and does not give any opinion regarding the psychological functioning of any individual who has not been personally evaluated
formal v. informal resolution of colleagues' misconduct
formal resolution: if an attempt at an informal resolution is unsuccessful, or if the violation is inappropriate for an informal resolution, psychologists should take further action such as referral to ethics committeess or licensing boards provided confidentiality will not be violated

informal resolution: if psychologists know of an ethical violation by another psychologist, they should speak directly to the colleague, assuming it seems appropriate and confidentiality will not be violated