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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
mental disorder
any behavior or emotional state that causes a person great suffering, is self-destructive, seriously impairs the person's ability to work or get along with others, or endangers others or the community.
projective tests
psychological tests used to infer a person's motives, conflicts, and unconscious dynamics on the basis of the person's interpretations of ambiguous stimuli.
Rorschach Inkblot test
a projective personality test that requires respondents to interpret abstract, symmetrical inkblots.
objective tests (inventories)
standardized objective questionnaires requiring a writting responses; they typically include scales on which people are asked to rate themselves.
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
a widely used objective personality test.
generalized anxiety disorder
a continuous state of anxiety marked by feelings of worry and dread, apprehension, difficulties in concentration, and signs of motor tension.
posttraumatic stress disorder
an anxiety disorder in which a person who has experienced a traumatic or life-threatening event has symptoms such as psychic numbing, reliving of the trauma, and increased physiological arousal.
panic disorder
an anxiety disorder in which a person experiences recurring panic attacks, periods of intense fear, and feelings of impending doom or death, accompanied by psysiological symptoms such as rapid heart reate and dizziness.
an exaggerated, unrealistic fear of a specific situation, activity or object.
a set of phobias, often set off by a panic attack, involving the basic fear of being away from a safe place or person.
an anxiety disorder in which a person feels trapped in repetitive, persistent thoughts and repetitive, ritualized behaviors designed to reduce anxiety.
major depression
a mood disorder involving disturbances in emotion, behavior, cognition, and body function.
bipolar disorder
a mood disorder in which episodes of both depression and mania occur.
vulnerability-stress models
approaches that emphasize how individual vulnerabilities interact with external stresses or circumstances to produce mental disorders.
personality disorders
rigid personality patterns that cause personal distress or an inability to get along with others.
paranoid personality disorder
a disorder characterized by unreasonable, excessive suspiciousness and mistrust, and irrational feelings of being persecuted by others.
narcissistic personality disorder
a disorder characterized by an exaggerated sense of self-importance and self-absorption.
dissociative identity disorder
a controversial disorder marked by the apparent appearance within one person of two or more distinct personalities, each with its own name and traits; aka multiple personality disorder.
a psychotic disorder or group of disorders marked by positive symptoms (delusions, hallucinations) and negative symptoms (emotional flatness)
an extreme mental disturbance involving distorted perceptions and irrational behavior; it may have psychological or organic causes.