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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
distinctive patterns of behavior, emotions, and thoughts that characterize an individual's adaptations to his or her life
primarily descriptive theories in that they attempts to identify specific demensions or characteristics that are associated with different personalities
trait theories
defines traits by studying individuals in depth and focusing on the distinctive qualities of their personalities
ideographic approach
studies groups of people in the attempt to identify personality traits that tend to appear in clusters
nomothetic approach
Gordon Allport's theory of personality, a powerful, dominating behavioral disposition that is an organizing principle in a small number of people's lives. Ex. Competitve nature in all aspects of activities and thoughts.
Cardinal trait
Gordon Allport's trait theory of personality, a major characteristic such as honesty and sensitivity. They are quite generalized and enduring, they make up the building blocks of our personality.
central trait
In Raymond Cattell's trait theory of personality, any of the variety of less generalized and often short-term traits that affect people's behavior in specific circumstances
secondary trait
In Raymond Cattell's trait theory of personality, dimensions or traits that are usually obvious (integrity or tiredness) that tend to be grouped in clusters that are related to course traits.
surface trait
In Raymond Cattell's trait theory of personality, basic, underlying traits that are center or core of an individual's personality. There are 16 primary ones.
Source Traits
Who developed a questionnaire called "16 personality factor questionnaire" to measure source traits?
traits are only descriptions not _______.
traits that occur in specific situations are called...
situation specific habits
What occupation was Freud before a psychologist
the approach involving hypnotizing patients, then encouraging them to recall their symptoms were fist experienced and to talk freely around the circumstances surrounding this occurence. Patients relax and say whatever comes to their minds
free association preiously called a carthartic method
the vast resevoir of the mind that holds countless memories and feelings that are repressed or submerged because they are anxiety producing
unconcious mind
technique devloped by freud in which an individual's revelations of normally unconcious cognitions are interpreted
Theory of personality that views people as shaped by ongoing conflicts between primary drives and the social pressures of civilzed society
psychoanalytic theory
In freud's psychoanalytic theory, the biological component of personality consisting of life instincts and death instincts
the energy that fuels the id and motivates behavior
the principle guiding the id seeks immiediate gratification of all instinctive drives regardless or reason, logic, or the possibile impact of behaviors.
pleasure principle
what structure is not concious
what structure is predominantly concious
what structure is both unconcious and concious
According to freud, wish-fulfilling mental imagery used by the id to discharge tension Ex. someone cold envisioning the beach to feel warm
primary process thinking
the component of personality that acts as an intermediary between the instinctual demands of the id and the reality of the real world
according to freud, the tendency to behave in ways that are consistent with reality and governs the ego
reality principle
a composite of the moral values or standards of parents