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15 Cards in this Set

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Wilhelm Wundt
Established first psychology laboratory at the University of Leipzig, Germany
William James
published Principles of Psychology
behavioral
explains human thought and behavior in terms of conditioning
cognitive
how we interpret, process and remember environmental events
biological
explains human thought and behavior strictly in terms of biological processes
social-cultural
how behavior and thinking vary across situations and cultures
psychoanalytic
the unconscious mind controls much of our thoughts and actions
developmental
studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span
humanistic
we choose most of our behaviors- these choices are guided by psychological, emotional, or spiritual needs
axon
extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fibers,through which messages are sent to other neurons or to muscles or glands
synaptic gap
the junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the dendrite of cell body of the receiving neuron
pons
connects the hindbrain with the midbrain and forebrain. the pons controls facial expressions, and is located just above the medulla and toward the front
dendrite
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive messages and conduct impulses toward the cell body
neurotrasmitters
chemical messengers that traverse the synaptic gaps between neurons
myelin sheath
a layer of fatty cells segmentally encasing the fibers of many neurons