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29 Cards in this Set

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Ancient Greeks - 4 bodily humors
link between humors and the personality and behavior of a person
too much blood in body means what according to ancient greek theory of 4 humors?
sanguine - cheerful, positive, upbeat
too much yellow bile in body means what according to ancient greek theory of 4 humors?
choleric - irritable, agitated
too much black bile in body means what according to ancient greek theory of 4 humors?
melancholia - sadness, depression
too much phlegm in body means what according to ancient greek theory of 4 humors?
phlegmatic - slow, sluggish, lazy
Descartes
- "I think therefore I am"
- free will
- mind(soul)/body
- body --> dualism, objective, natural laws, animals
- mind --> cannot be controlled by natural laws, has own free will, cannot be studied like animals
Thomas Hobbes
- materialism
- all entities are made of physical matter
- opposite of Descartes
- "soul" in us is non-sensible
Empiricism
- Locke, Hague, Mills
- observables
- behaviorism
Darwin
- 1859 "Origin of Species"
- evolution
--> humans evolved from other species
- natural selection
--> "survival of the fittest"
- linking of humans and animals
Psychophysics theorists
Fechner, Ebinghaus, Wundt, Titchener
Fechner
- distinguished between sounds
- different sounds perceived as different
Ebbinghaus
- memory
- nonsense syllables
Wundt
- "Father of Modern Day Psychology"
- reaction times
Titchener
- Ithaca, NY @ Cornell
- introspection: color, lights --> classify in order of intensity, duration, quality, etc...
- structuralist (break down of perception)
William James
- first american psychologist
- Humanist
- functionalist
- "whole is greater than sum of its parts"
- opposite Titchener, doesn't break everything apart
Gestalt Psychologists
- perception
- phi phenomenon (whole greater than sum of its parts)
Freudian Theories
- drives
- unconscious
- psychoanalysis
- psychosexual stages
- sex & agression
Behaviorists
Skinner (operant conditioning), Pavlov (classical conditioning)
Behaviorism
- how environmental experience shapes you
- stimuli, reinforcements
- studied obsevables
Cognitive Psychology
- learning process
- thinking
- brain functioning
- memory
- schemas
- "black box" --> what's in people's minds
Humanistics
- inherent traits (humans)
- self-actualization
- heirarchy of needs
Heirarchy of needs (bottom to top of triangle)
1. basic needs, survival
- food, shelter, water
2. psychological needs
- social interaction, love, caring,
purpose
3. self-actualization
- meaning in life, fulfillment
Neuroscience
- genetic bases
- brain structure and functioning (learning process)
- mind/body interactions (nutrition and diet)
Evolutionary
- growth and development issues
- evolutionary history to describe behaviors
- altruism (giving up something for wellbeing of others)
- mating behaviors in humans as well as animals
Reliability
consistently good in quality or performance - able to be trusted
validity
actually supports the intended point or claim - acceptable as cogent
mean
the quotient of the sum of several quantities and their number; an average
mode
the most frequently occuring number in a set of numbers
median
the middle number in a set of numbers