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130 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Hindsight bias and overconfidence often lead us to overestimate
A) random sampling.
B) wording effects.
C) the placebo effect.
D) our intuition.
D) our intuition.
The neuroscience perspective in psychology would be most likely to emphasize that behavior is influenced by
A) unconscious conflicts.
B) subjective interpretations.
C) environmental circumstances.
D) blood chemistry.
D) blood chemistry.
After noting that a majority of professional basketball players are African-American, Ervin concluded that African-Americans are better athletes than members of other racial groups. Ervin's conclusion best illustrates the danger of
A) the placebo effect.
B) hindsight bias.
C) replication.
D) generalizing from vivid cases.
D) generalizing from vivid cases.
The explanatory power of a scientific theory is most closely linked to its capacity to generate testable
A) correlations.
B) assumptions.
C) predictions.
D) variables.
C) predictions.
Behaviorists dismissed the value of
A) introspection.
B) spaced practice.
C) replication.
D) science.
A) introspection.
The group exposed to a newly created drug that is being tested in an experiment is called the ________ group.
A) standardized
B) baseline
C) experimental
D) control
C) experimental
In the context of debates over the origins of psychological traits, nature is to nurture as
A) Watson is to Skinner.
B) Skinner is to Watson.
C) Plato is to Aristotle.
D) Aristotle is to Plato.
C) Plato is to Aristotle.
Surveys indicate that people are much less likely to support “welfare” than “aid to the needy.” These somewhat paradoxical survey results best illustrate the importance of
A) random sampling.
B) the placebo effect.
C) wording effects.
D) naturalistic observation.
C) wording effects.
Correlation is a measure of the extent to which two variables
A) are dependent variables.
B) are random samples.
C) vary together.
D) influence each other.
C) vary together.
If psychologists discovered that more intelligent parents have smarter children than less intelligent parents, this would demonstrate that
A) intelligence is inherited.
B) more intelligent parents provide their children with greater educational opportunities than do less intelligent parents.
C) all of these statements are correct.
D) the intelligence of parents and children is positively correlated.
D) the intelligence of parents and children is positively correlated.
A correlation between physical attractiveness and dating frequency of +0.60 would indicate that
A) physical attractiveness has no causal influence on dating frequency.
B) more frequent dating is associated with lower levels of physical attractiveness.
C) less frequent dating is associated with lower levels of physical attractiveness.
D) it is impossible to predict levels of physical attractiveness based on knowledge of dating frequency.
C) less frequent dating is associated with lower levels of physical attractiveness.
Psychologists who carefully watch the behavior of chimpanzee societies in the jungle are using a research method known as
A) the case study.
B) the survey.
C) experimentation.
D) naturalistic observation.
D) naturalistic observation.
Psychologists study animals because
A) animal behavior is just as complex as human behavior.
B) experiments on people are generally considered to be unethical.
C) the ethical treatment of animals is not mandated by professional guidelines.
D) similar processes often underlie animal and human behavior.
D) similar processes often underlie animal and human behavior.
Being randomly assigned to the experimental group in a research project involves being assigned
A) to the group in which participants are representative of people in general.
B) to that group by chance.
C) in a fashion that ensures that the independent variable will have a strong effect on the dependent variable.
D) to the group in which participants are all very similar in personality characteristics.
B) to that group by chance.
An inert substance that may be administered instead of a drug to see if it produces any of the same effects as the drug is called a
A) placebo.
B) case study.
C) replication.
D) median.
A) placebo
John Watson is to Wilhelm Wundt as ________ is to ________.
A) cognitive perspective; psychoanalytic perspective
B) observable behavior; inner sensations
C) mental illness; psychiatry
D) biology; environment
B) observable behavior; inner sensations
The perception that seemingly infertile couples who adopt a child are subsequently more likely to conceive a child themselves best illustrates
A) an illusory correlation.
B) the placebo effect.
C) random assignment.
D) the process of replication.
) an illusory correlation.
Which perspective studies the relative contributions of our genes and our environment on our individual differences?
A) social-cultural
B) behavior genetics
C) psychodynamic
D) cognitive
B) behavior genetics
Our tendency to believe we know more than we do illustrates
A) overconfidence.
B) naturalistic observation.
C) illusory correlation.
D) random assignment.
A) overconfidence.
Psychological differences between the genders are
A) no longer evident in contemporary Western societies.
B) of little interest to contemporary psychologists.
C) far outweighed by gender similarities.
D) simply reflections of biological differences between the sexes.
C) far outweighed by gender similarities.
Dr. Wilson attributes the delinquent behaviors of many teens to the pressures associated with being members of street gangs. Her account best illustrates a(n) ________ perspective.
A) social-cultural
B) behavior genetics
C) neuroscience
D) evolutionary
A) social-cultural
Wilhelm Wundt's laboratory work involved experimental studies of
A) animal intelligence.
B) personality development.
C) learning and memory.
D) reactions to sensory stimulation.
D) reactions to sensory stimulation.
Looking inward and reporting your immediate sensations, images, and feelings is called
A) cognitive neuroscience.
B) introspection.
C) humanism.
D) behaviorism.
B) introspection.
Cognitive neuroscience studies relationships between
A) thought processes and brain functions.
B) natural selection and genetic predispositions.
C) childhood memories and psychological disorders.
D) philosophy and physiology.
A) thought processes and brain functions.
A researcher would be most likely to discover a positive correlation between
A) self-esteem and depression.
B) intelligence and academic success.
C) financial poverty and physical health.
D) school grades and school absences.
B) intelligence and academic success.
Professor Lopez believes that severe depression results primarily from an imbalanced diet and abnormal brain chemistry. Professor Lopez favors a ________ perspective on depression.
A) behavior genetics
B) neuroscience
C) cognitive
D) psychodynamic
B) neuroscience
Which perspective most clearly focuses on how we learn observable responses?
A) behavior genetics
B) neuroscience
C) behavioral
D) evolutionary
C) behavioral
The specialist most likely to have a medical degree is a
A) social psychologist.
B) developmental psychologist.
C) psychiatrist.
D) clinical psychologist.
C) psychiatrist.
The personality theorist, Sigmund Freud, was an Austrian
A) theologian.
B) chemist.
C) physician.
D) politician.
C) physician.
Random assignment minimizes ________ between experimental and control groups. Random sampling minimizes ________ between a sample and a population.
A) similarities; similarities
B) differences; similarities
C) differences; differences
D) similarities; differences
C) differences; differences
Which research method provides the best way of assessing whether cigarette smoking boosts mental alertness?
A) naturalistic observation
B) the experiment
C) the case study
D) the survey
B) the experiment
Which technique involves repeating the essence of an earlier research study with different participants and in different circumstances?
A) random sampling
B) the double-blind procedure
C) replication
D) naturalistic observation
C) replication
33.
On a series of coin tosses, Oleg has correctly predicted heads or tails seven times in a row. In this instance, we can reasonably conclude that Oleg's predictive accuracy
A) defies the laws of statistical probability.
B) illustrates the phenomenon of illusory correlation.
C) is inconsistent with the placebo effect.
D) is a random and coincidental occurrence.
D) is a random and coincidental occurrence.
Any factor such as infant nutrition which can vary in its quality or quantity is called a
A) coefficient.
B) median.
C) variable.
D) sample.
C) variable.
The enduring traditions, attitudes, and behaviors shared by a large group of people constitutes their
A) operational definition.
B) population.
C) wording effects.
D) culture.
D) culture.
A statement describing how a researcher measures a research variable is known as a(n)
A) operational definition.
B) control condition.
C) replication.
D) hypothesis.
A) operational definition.
Which psychologists are MOST likely to be involved in applied research?
A) social psychologists
B) developmental psychologists
C) biological psychologists
D) industrial-organizational psychologists
D) industrial-organizational psychologists
In an experimental study of the effects of anxiety on self-esteem, anxiety would be the ________ variable.
A) correlational
B) experimental
C) dependent
D) independent
D) independent
A questioning attitude regarding psychologists' assumptions and hidden values best illustrates
A) critical thinking.
B) overconfidence.
C) replication.
D) hindsight bias.
A) critical thinking.
Clinical psychologists specialize in
A) providing drugs to treat behavioral disorders.
B) constructing surveys.
C) animal research.
D) providing therapy to troubled people.
D) providing therapy to troubled people.
A biological psychologist would be most interested in conducting research on the relationship between
A) neurotransmitters and depression.
B) genetics and eye color.
C) bone density and body size.
D) self-esteem and popularity.
A) neurotransmitters and depression.
Which division of the autonomic nervous system arouses the body and mobilizes its energy in stressful situations?
A) the limbic system.
B) the somatic nervous system.
C) the central nervous system.
D) the sympathetic nervous system
D) the sympathetic nervous system
A slap on the back is more painful than a pat on the back because a slap triggers
A) more neurons to fire, and to fire more often.
B) the release of endorphins.
C) more intense neural impulses.
D) the release of serotonin.
A) more neurons to fire, and to fire more often.
Transferring messages from a motor neuron to a leg muscle requires the neurotransmitter known as
A) acetylcholine.
B) insulin.
C) dopamine.
D) epinephrine.
A) acetylcholine.
Sensory neurons are located in the
A) reticular formation.
B) peripheral nervous system.
C) sensory cortex.
D) thalamus.
B) peripheral nervous system.
An accelerated heartbeat is to a slowed heartbeat as the ________ nervous system is to the ________ nervous system.
A) autonomic; somatic
B) somatic; autonomic
C) parasympathetic; sympathetic
D) sympathetic; parasympathetic
D) sympathetic; parasympathetic
Surgical destruction of brain tissue is called a(n)
A) MRI.
B) synapse.
C) lesion.
D) EEG.
C) lesion.
The two major divisions of the nervous system are the central and the ________ nervous systems.
A) somatic
B) sympathetic
C) peripheral
D) autonomic
C) peripheral
The strengthening of synaptic connections facilitates the formation of
A) interneurons.
B) endorphins.
C) neural networks.
D) hormones.
C) neural networks.
The reticular formation is located in the
A) brainstem.
B) limbic system.
C) cerebellum.
D) sensory cortex.
A) brainstem.
Addictive disorders are likely to be associated with reward centers in the
A) reticular formation.
B) limbic system.
C) thalamus.
D) cerebellum.
B) limbic system.
A drug that mimics the effects of a particular neurotransmitter is called a(n)
A) agonist.
B) steroid.
C) action potential.
D) opiate.
A) agonist.
A synapse is a(n)
A) neural “cable” containing many axons.
B) chemical messenger that triggers muscle contractions.
C) automatic response to sensory input.
D) junction between a sending neuron and a receiving neuron.
) junction between a sending neuron and a receiving neuron.
The part of the central nervous system that carries information from your senses to your brain and motor-control information to your body parts is the
A) pituitary gland.
B) pancreas.
C) reticular formation.
D) spinal cord.
D) spinal cord.
The longest part of a neuron carrying messages to a leg muscle is likely to be the
A) cell body.
B) dendrite.
C) axon.
D) synapse.
C) axon.
The parasympathetic nervous system
A) stimulates digestion and slows heartbeat.
B) inhibits digestion and slows heartbeat.
C) inhibits digestion and accelerates heartbeat.
D) stimulates digestion and accelerates heartbeat.
A) stimulates digestion and slows heartbeat.
The sequence of brain regions from the evolutionarily oldest to newest is
A) limbic system, cerebral cortex, brainstem.
B) brainstem, cerebral cortex, limbic system.
C) brainstem, limbic system, cerebral cortex.
D) limbic system, brainstem, cerebral cortex.
C) brainstem, limbic system, cerebral cortex.
The “little brain” attached to the rear of the brainstem is called the
A) cerebellum.
B) corpus callosum.
C) reticular formation.
D) limbic system.
A) cerebellum.
Hormones are the chemical messengers of the
A) endocrine system.
B) reticular formation.
C) limbic system.
D) autonomic nervous system.
A) endocrine system.
Which brain structure relays information from the eyes to the visual cortex?
A) cerebellum
B) amygdala
C) medulla
D) thalamus
D) thalamus
If your ________ is destroyed, the left side of your brain could not control the movements of your right hand.
A) amygdala
B) hippocampus
C) brainstem
D) corpus callosum
C) brainstem
To identify which of Lucy's brain areas was most active when she talked, neuroscientists gave her a temporarily radioactive form of glucose and a(n)
A) EEG.
B) PET scan.
C) MRI scan.
D) hemispherectomy.
C) MRI scan.
If a professor accused you of cheating on a test, your adrenal glands would probably release ________ into your bloodstream.
A) epinephrine
B) endorphins
C) insulin
D) acetylcholine
A) epinephrine
A neural system at the border of the brainstem and the cerebral hemispheres is known as the
A) peripheral nervous system.
B) limbic system.
C) sensory cortex.
D) reticular formation.
B) limbic system.
The function of dendrites is to
A) control pain through the release of opiatelike chemicals into the brain.
B) receive incoming signals from other neurons.
C) release neurotransmitters into the spatial junctions between neurons.
D) coordinate the activation of the parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous systems
B) receive incoming signals from other neurons.
The part of the peripheral nervous system that controls the glands and the muscles of the internal organs is called the
A) autonomic nervous system.
B) limbic system.
C) somatic nervous system.
D) reticular formation.
A) autonomic nervous system.
In a tragic diving accident, Andrew damaged his spinal cord. As a result, his legs were paralyzed. Andrew's injury was located in his
A) sympathetic nervous system.
B) limbic system.
C) somatic nervous system.
D) central nervous system.
D) central nervous system.
Neurotransmitters are released from the knoblike terminals at the end of the
A) dendrites.
B) cell body.
C) axon.
D) myelin sheath.
C) axon.
At the age of 22, Mrs. LaBlanc was less than 4 feet tall. Her short stature was probably influenced by the lack of a growth hormone produced by the
A) thyroid.
B) pancreas.
C) adrenal gland.
D) pituitary gland.
D) pituitary gland.
To demonstrate that brain stimulation can make a rat violently aggressive, a neuroscientist should electrically stimulate the rat's
A) cerebellum.
B) reticular formation.
C) amygdala.
D) medulla.
C) amygdala.
An undersupply of serotonin is most closely linked to
A) Parkinson's disease.
B) depression.
C) schizophrenia.
D) Alzheimer's disease.
B) depression.
Information travels through axons that are bundled into the “cables” that we call
A) association areas.
B) action potentials.
C) interneurons.
D) nerves.
B) action potentials.
Messages are transmitted from your spinal cord to muscles in your hands by the ________ nervous system.
A) parasympathetic
B) sympathetic
C) peripheral
D) autonomic
C) peripheral
The brain structure that provides a major link between the nervous system and the endocrine system is the
A) hypothalamus.
B) reticular formation.
C) amygdala.
D) cerebellum.
A) hypothalamus.
Opiate drugs occupy the same receptor sites as
A) dopamine.
B) endorphins.
C) serotonin.
D) epinephrine.
B) endorphins.
The minimum level of stimulation required to trigger a neural impulse is called the
A) synapse.
B) action potential.
C) reflex.
D) threshold
D) threshold
Endocrine glands secrete hormones directly into
A) the limbic system.
B) synaptic gaps.
C) the bloodstream.
D) sensory neurons.
C) the bloodstream.
Alzheimer's disease is most closely linked to the deterioration of neurons that produce
A) acetylcholine.
B) dopamine.
C) epinephrine.
D) endorphins.
A) acetylcholine.
The speed at which a neural impulse travels is increased when the axon is encased by a(n)
A) association area.
B) endocrine gland.
C) stem cell.
D) myelin sheath.
D) myelin sheath
The knee-jerk reflex is controlled by interneurons in the
A) spinal cord.
B) limbic system.
C) brainstem.
D) cerebellum.
A) spinal cord.
Paul had a serious skiing accident in which the Wernicke's area of his cerebral cortex was extensively damaged. Now Paul has difficulty in
A) recognizing familiar faces
B) speaking in reasonably normal cadence
C) speaking sentences that make sense
D) remembering past events
C) speaking sentences that make sense
The part of the cerebral cortex that directs the muscle movements involved in speech is known as
A) Broca's area.
B) the angular gyrus.
C) Wernicke's area.
D) the reticular formation.
A) Broca's area.
The process of anticipating that you will be punished for misbehaving takes place in the
A) sensory cortex.
B) reticular formation.
C) sympathetic nervous system.
D) association areas.
D) association areas.
The visual cortex is activated when blind people read Braille. This best illustrates
A) aphasia.
B) plasticity.
C) hemispherectomy.
D) tomography.
B) plasticity
Those whose corpus callosum is surgically severed are said to be patients with
A) brain plasticity.
B) neurogenesis.
C) aphasia.
D) split brains.
D) split brains.
Wernicke's area is typically located in the left ________ lobe.
A) frontal
B) occipital
C) temporal
D) parietal
C) temporal
The most extensive regions of the brain, which enable learning and memory, are called the
A) medulla.
B) association areas.
C) cerebellum.
D) reticular formation.
B) association areas
The correct sequence of brain areas involved in reading a printed sentence aloud is
A) visual cortex, Wernicke's area, Broca's, area, angular gyrus, motor cortex
B) visual cortex, Wernicke's area, angular gyrus, Broca's, area, motor cortex
C) visual cortex, angular gyrus, Broca's area, Wernicke's area, motor cortex
D) visual cortex, angular gyrus, Wernicke's area, Broca's, area, motor cortex
D) visual cortex, angular gyrus, Wernicke's area, Broca's, area, motor cortex
The localization of a function such as speech production to the right or left side of the brain is called
A) neurogenesis.
B) hemispherectomy.
C) plasticity.
D) lateralization.
D) lateralization.
After Miguel's recent automobile accident, doctors detected damage to his cerebral cortex in Broca's area. It is likely that Miguel will have difficulty
A) understanding other people when they speak.
B) speaking fluently.
C) remembering past events.
D) reading.
B) speaking fluently.
The association areas are located in the
A) limbic system.
B) cerebral cortex.
C) brainstem.
D) thalamus.
B) cerebral cortex
When a person speaks, brain waves and bloodflow are especially likely to reveal increased activity in the
A) left hemisphere.
B) right hemisphere.
C) hypothalamus.
D) amygdala.
A) left hemisphere.
The capacity of one brain area to take over the functions of another damaged brain area is known as brain
A) resonance.
B) tomography.
C) plasticity.
D) phrenology.
C) plasticity.
Neurosurgeons have severed the corpus callosum in human patients in order to reduce
A) Alzheimer's disease.
B) reward deficiency syndrome.
C) neural plasticity.
D) epileptic seizures.
D) epileptic seizures.
The inability to recognize familiar faces even though one can clearly see and describe features of the faces is associated with damage to the right _________ lobe.
A) parietal
B) occipital
C) frontal
D) temporal
B) occipital
The corpus callosum is a wide band of fibers that
A) transmits information between the cerebral hemispheres
B) enables the left hemisphere to control the right side of the body
C) directs the muscle movements involved in speech
D) controls the glands and muscles of teh internal organs
A) transmits information between the cerebral hemispheres
People's failure to recognize themselves in a mirror is most likely to be associated with damage to the
A) parasympathetic nervous system.
B) sympathetic nervous system.
C) left cerebral hemisphere.
D) right cerebral hemisphere.
D) right cerebral hemisphere.
Michael J. Fox has Parkinson's disease. His condition might be improved by
A) Directly stimulating his brain's sub-thalamic nuclei
B) Inserting pacemaker electrodes into the dopamine cell body clusters in his substantia nigra nuclei
C) Infusing dopamine antagonists into the substantia nigra nuclei of his midbrain
D) Making better sure that his diet is free of the amino acid tyrosine
A) Directly stimulating his brain's sub-thalamic nuclei
The benefits of brain plasticity are most clearly demonstrated in
A) children who have had a cereberal hemisphere removed
B) people paralyzed by a severed spinal cord
C) split-brain patients
D) individuals with Alzheimer's disease
A) children who have had a cereberal hemisphere removed
The hallmark of Broca's aphasia is
A) the inability to remember words when constructing sentences
B) the failure to understand conjunctives, articles and prepositions in grammar
C) the failure to understand the order of verbs and nouns in grammatical sentences
D) an inability to form concise sentences
B) the failure to understand conjunctives, articles and prepositions in grammar
People's moral judgments are most likely to seem unrestrained by normal emotions if they have suffered damage to their
A) corpus callosum.
B) frontal cortex.
C) cerebellum.
D) sensory cortex.
B) frontal cortex.
Damage to the left cerebral hemisphere is most likely to reduce people's ability to
A) recognize familiar melodies.
B) recognize faces.
C) solve arithmetic problems.
D) copy drawings.
C) solve arithmetic problems.
Persons who are born without a corpus callosum are different than epileptics who have theirs severed when they are adults in that
A) since they never had a corpus callosum their brains develop new connections to compensate for its absense and behave like non-split-brain individuals
B) they have trouble with post-pubescent socialization and the experience of emotions
C) they have difficulty in performing common tasks like oredering food from a menu
D) they can not draw a square with their right hand while they draw a circle with their left
B) they have trouble with post-pubescent socialization and the experience of emotions
After suffering a head injury in an auto accident, Louis lost his ability to read, even though he could see well, speak fluently, and understand what others are saying. It is likely that his cortex was damaged in
A) Wernicke's area.
B) the frontal lobe.
C) the angular gyrus.
D) Broca's area.
C) the angular gyrus.
A picture of a dog is briefly flashed in the left visual field of a split-brain patient. At the same time a picture of a boy is flashed in the right visual field. In identifying what she saw, the patient would be most likely to
A) verbally report that she saw a boy.
B) use her left hand to point to a picture of a boy.
C) use her left hand to point to a picture of a dog.
D) verbally report that she saw a dog.
C) use her left hand to point to a picture of a dog.
A person whose hand had been amputated actually felt sensations on his nonexistent fingers when his arm was stroked. This best illustrates the consequences of
A) lateralization.
B) aphasia.
C) tomography.
D) brain plasticity.
D) brain plasticity.
The area of the brain immediately anterior to the parietal cortex is called the
A) occipital cortex
B) sensory cortex
C) association cortex
D) motor cortex
) motor cortex
By forming thousands of new neurons each day, monkey brains illustrate
A) aphasia.
B) neurogenesis.
C) hemispherectomy.
D) lateralization.
B) neurogenesis.
Exposure to bright light causes the
A) pineal gland to decrease the production of melatonin.
B) thyroid gland to decrease the production of melatonin.
C) thyroid gland to increase the production of melatonin.
D) pineal gland to increase the production of melatonin.
) pineal gland to decrease the production of melatonin.
The simultaneous processing of information at both conscious and unconscious levels is called
A) dual processing.
B) the cocktail party effect.
C) neuroadaptation.
D) the pop-out phenomenon.
A) dual processing.
Night terrors typically occur
A) during REM sleep.
B) following sleep apnea.
C) within the first few hours of Stage 4.
D) among older adults.
C) within the first few hours of Stage 4.
Which drugs are most likely to be prescribed as tranquilizers?
A) amphetamines
B) opiates
C) barbiturates
D) hallucinogens
C) barbiturates
Our inability to consciously process all the sensory information available to us at any single point in time best illustrates the necessity of
A) circadian rhythms.
B) REM rebound.
C) selective attention.
D) hypnagogic sensations.
C) selective attention.
A ________ of cocaine users become addicted within 10 years after their first use of the drug. The ________ of America's ex-smokers have kicked the tobacco habit on their own.
A) minority; majority
B) majority; majority
C) majority; minority
D) minority; minority
A) minority; majority
7.
The release of stored serotonin and the eventual damage of serotonin-producing neurons is most closely associated with the long-term use of
A) morphine.
B) barbiturates.
C) Ecstasy.
D) alcohol.
) Ecstasy.
Which drug class includes drugs that produce physical dependence when consumed over time with great frequency?
A) all of the above
B) depressants
C) halucinogens
D) stimulants
B) depressants
The rhythmic bursts of brain activity that occur during Stage 2 sleep are called
A) circadian rhythms.
B) delta waves.
C) alpha waves.
D) sleep spindles.
D) sleep spindles.
Which drug can produce physical dependence
A) mescaline
B) methamphetamine
C) crack cocaine
D) diazepam
D) diazepam
The cocktail party effect provides an example of
A) REM rebound.
B) neuroadaptation.
C) circadian rhythms.
D) selective attention.
) selective attention.
Our inability to fall asleep early, as we had planned, is most likely a reflection of
A) narcolepsy.
B) the circadian rhythm.
C) dissociation.
D) sleep apnea.
B) the circadian rhythm.
Sleep deprivation ________ the production of body fat by ________ levels of the stress hormone cortisol.
A) inhibits; increasing
B) stimulates; increasing
C) stimulates; decreasing
D) inhibits; decreasing
B) stimulates; increasing
Amphetamines are to ________ as barbiturates are to ________.
A) stimulants; hallucinogens
B) hallucinogens; depressants
C) stimulants; depressants
D) hallucinogens; stimulants
C) stimulants; depressants
Morphine and heroin are
A) opiates.
B) barbiturates.
C) hallucinogens.
D) amphetamines.
Opiates
Psychoactive drugs influence neurotransmission by stimulating, mimicking, or ________ the activity of neurotransmitters.
A) dissociating
B) serially processing
C) synthesizing
D) inhibiting
D) inhibiting
Stimulants ________ appetite and ________ self-confidence.
A) decrease; increase
B) increase; decrease
C) decrease; decrease
D) increase; increase
A) decrease; increase
At 3 o'clock in the morning, John has already slept for 4 hours. As long as his sleep continues, we can expect an increasing occurrence of
A) Stage 4 sleep.
B) hypnagogic sensations.
C) REM sleep.
D) muscle tension.
C) REM sleep.
Which of the following psychoactive drugs is most likely to impair people's ability to sleep?
A) caffeine
B) alcohol
C) heroin
D) marijuana
A) caffeine
Bed-wetting is most likely to occur at the end of ________ sleep.
A) slow-wave
B) Stage 1
C) paradoxical
D) Stage 2
A) slow-wave
REM rebound involves the
A) tendency for REM sleep to increase following REM sleep deprivation.
B) tendency for REM sleep periods to become increasingly longer and more frequent as a normal night of sleep progresses.
C) increase in REM sleep that characteristically follows intense learning episodes or stressful daytime experiences.
D) unusual symptoms of tiredness and irritability that follow periods of REM sleep deprivation.
A) tendency for REM sleep to increase following REM sleep deprivation.
When cocaine is snorted, free-based, or injected, it produces a rush of euphoria by
A) producing hallucinations.
B) increasing the occurrence of alpha waves.
C) triggering a state of dissociation.
D) blocking the reuptake of dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine.
D) blocking the reuptake of dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine.