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52 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
individual cells in the nervous system that recieve, integrate, and transmit info
building block
Cell body
contains nucleus and chemical machinery common to most cells
branch like parts of a neuron that are specialized to recieve information
long thin fiber that transmits signals away from the soma to other neurons
myelin sheath
insulating material
fatty protection, axon
axon terminals
end point of axon where one neuron communicates with another
junction between axon terminal and dendrite of the next neuron
sacs in the axon terminal
synaptic cleft
microscopic gap between terminal button of the sending neuron and cell membrane of another neuron
chemicals that transmit info from one neuron to another
found in brain and spinal cord
Mood regulation, implicated in bipolar mood disorders
control of voluntary movements
family of internally produced chemicals that resemble opiates
regulation of sleep, may play a role in depression
Neural Impulse
sudden change in eletrical charge within and outside membrane of a neuron
resting potential
cell inactive
action potential
brief change in electrical charge
All or None principle
stimulated neuron will either produce action potential or wont
Periphal nervous system
relay system connects all parts of body with central NS
outer functions, generation of motor movement
inner function with 2 parts regulate heart rate etc
Sympathetic division
fight or flight response, prepares body for stressful or virgous action
sustains non-stress functioning, lower heart rate
Endocrine system
secrete chemicals into blood stream through glands that help control bodily functioning
Abnormal Neurotic Disorders
refer to behavior marked by subjective distress and reliance on avoidance coping (phobias)
Abnormal Psychotic Disorders
refers to behavior marked by impaired reality contact and profound deterioration of adaptive functioning
Anxiety Disorder
class of disorders marked by feelings of excessive apprehension and anxiety
Panic Disorder
involves recurrent attacks of overwhelming anxiety that occur suddenly and unexpectedly
Phobic disorders
marked by a persistant and irrational fear of something that has no realistic danger
persistant uncontrolablle intrustions of unwanted thoughts and urges to engage in senseless rituals
Somatoform Disorder
class of disorders with physical ailments with no organic basis
Conversion disorder
loss of physical function with no organic basis
excessive preoccupation with health concerns and incessant worry about developing a physical illness
Dissocative Disorders
lose contact with portions of memory resulting in disruption of sense of identity
Dissociative Amnesia
sudden loss of memory for important personal info too extensive to be from normal forgetting
Dissociative Fugue
condition of amnesia involves unexplained change in location
Dissociative Identity
Multiple personality, person alternates between 2 or more distinct identities
Mood Disorders
marked by emotional disturbances that may disrupt other processes
Major depression
condition in which a person takes little pleasure in life and experiences feelings of worthlessness, etc. no event can reasonably account for it
Bipolar disorder
alternate between depression and mania
marked by disturbances in thought that spill over to affect other processes
false beliefs that are maintained even though they are clearly out of touch with reality
sensory perceptions that occur in abscense of real stimulus
Positive symptoms
Hallucinations, bizarre behavior
Negative symptoms
social withdrawel, reduced energy
brain surgery, cutting of some fibers to relief the disorder
used to produce a seizure
Psychoactive drugs
chemicals that affect cognitions, affect or behavior
Antipsychotic drugs
given to treat schizophrenia or can be given to treat severe mood disorders of people who are delusional
help bring a person out of depression by gradually raising their mood
Antianxiety drugs
tranquilizers, relieve tension, nervousness