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42 Cards in this Set

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Medical doctors who specialize in the treatment of mental disorders are known as...
People who practice some form of psychotherapy, may have Ph.D's in clinical or counseling psychology and advanced specialty training, and cannot by law prescribe medications to their clients are known as...
What is the name of Freud's medical practice - people driven by sexual and aggressive instincts
Classical Psychoanalysis
goal: gain insight to understand the influence of unconsious conflicts on thoughts, feelings, and behavior, and to "work through" how these affect daily life.
Patients lay on the couch and report whatever thoughts, memories, or images came to mind. A process Freud called...
free assoication
Details of a dream are known as
manifest content of dreams
Reflections of wishes, impluses, and fantansies that the dreamer's defense mechanisms keep out of consciousness during waking hours is known as what...
latent content of dreams
Dr. Brown and her client, Mary, are discussing their therapist-client relationship. Dr.Brown says to Mary, "I think you are treating me the way you would treat your mother." Dr. Brown is commenting on Mary's ...
Dr.Will begins to make decisions for his client Fred, and treat Fred differently from other clients, probably because Fred reminds Dr. Will of himself. This could be causing the small attachment.
Sarah comes in and says whats on her mind to Dr. Phill. "This has been such a bad day. I've felt ready to cry any minute, and I'm not even sure what's wrong!" said Sarah. Dr.Phill responds, "You really do feel so bad. The tears just seem to well up inside, and I wonder if it is a little scary to not even know why you feel this way." Dr.Phill is doing what?
reflection (Client-centered Theory)
The relationship between a client and a person in their life that had an emotional signifance in their life. Therapist work to develop a nurturing relationship with their clients, providing a "second chance" for them to receive the support that might been lacking in infancy and to conteract some consquences of maladaptive early attachment patterns.
object relations therapy
People have free will and choice over how they think, feel, and behave, as well as teh capacity for self-actualization
Humanistic Psychotherapy
A therapy that allows the client to decide waht to talk about, without direction, judgement, or interpretation from the therapist. It's so the client can solve their own problems
Client-centered Therapy
A term that involves a person being easy to talk to and one who reflects back the important messages they hear from others is called?
active listening (Client-centered therapy)
Dr. Jack's client is a homosexual who is attracted to little boys. Even though Dr.Jack does not agree with being homosexual nor being attracted to little boys as a good thing to do or be, he still has to value his client and respect him no matter what.
unconditional positive regard (Client centered therapy)
refers to an attitude of total acceptance and respect that a therapist must have toward a client to create a therapeutic environment.
Jessy doesnt like to babysitt her little sister on Friday nights because she wants to go out with her friends, but she knows her single mom has to work. Jessy's therapist tries to see the world from Jessy's point of view and accomplishing this by understanding the constraints Jessy feels as a result of the responsibilty of her little sister.
empathy (Client- centered therapy)
This term refers to a consistency in a therapist's feelings and bahavior toward a client. The client will learn that opennes and honesty can be the foundation of a human relationship.
congruence (Client- centered Therapy)
Hidy's therapist, Dr. Joe, points out that although Hidy says she is happily married, her facial expression and tone of voice suggest that she is very unhappy. Dr. Joe directly confronts Hidy about this incongruency and then asks her to hold an imagination conversation with her true feelings. Dr. Joe is using what therapy?
Help a client become more aware of denied feelings and impulses and learn how to discard foreign feelings, ideas, and values.
Treatments that use classical conditioning principles to change behavior.
Behavior Therapy
Dr. Rense can see that her client Marie has a phobia of fear of heights. To help overcome this phobia, Dr. Rense asks her to create an anxiety hierarchy. Marie lists several "height" experiences from the least to the most frightening.
Example: Standing on a small step stool, then on the bottom rung of a ladder, then the middle, then the top, then peering unto an empty ten-story elevator shaft
systematic desensitization (Behavior Therapy)
Chip is afraid of snakes so Dr. Bill has him watch films of people handling snacks. Then he takes him into a room with people handling snakes. Finally, Bill is taken to practice handling snakes for himself.
modeling (Behavior Therapy)
Behavioral modification method in which a client can learn new behaviors by watching the behaviors of others and then practicing these behaviors.
Becky a very shy woman, was constantly being taken advantage of despite her knowledge of auto mechanics. Every time she took her car to a mechanic, the garage overcharged her or did unnecessary work. She knew this but just could not bring herself to say something. What type of training would help her?
asservativeness and social skills training (Behavior Therapy)
behavioral methods to teach clients how to be more comfortable, expressive, and effective in social situations.
Dr. Free is assisting a client with a weight probelm so he gives the client a lot of praise when the client loses one pound in the hopes that the praise will motivate the client to follow the program.
positive reinforcement(Behavior Therapy)
A therapy method that uses rewards to strengthen desirable behaviors.
Jake and Dr. Muss have decided that is Jake cleans his room he gets two tokens and if he does his homework, clean his bathroom, and fish tank, he can receive three more tokens. The tokens can be exchange for dinner in town or going to a his favorite ice cream shop.
token economy (Behavior Therapy)
A client who gets attention by disrupting a classroom, damaging property, or violating hospital rules might be placed in a quiet, boring "time out" room for a few minutes in order to interrupt reineforcement for this misbehavior.
extinction (Behavior Therapy)
The graudal disappearance of a conditioned response or operant behavior through nonreinforcement.
Greg spends most of his time raping and beating women. Later he is forced to watch movies of these types of behaviors while experiencing the effects of nausea-producing drug. After the treatment, the mere sight of a woman makes him violently ill.
aversive conditioning (Behavior Therapy)
Negative behaviors often must be eliminated, at least partially, before the new behaviors can be learned.
Kenny draws on the wall and his father tells him not to because the walls ar not for drawing. Kenny draws on the wall again the next and his father reminds him again that it is not a good idea. Kenny draws on the wall again the day after and now his Father has decided to take away Kenny's favorite toy for 3 days. After that Kenny didnt draw on the wall anymore.
punishment (Behavior Therapy)
negative consequence that follows a behavior and that decreases the likelihood that the problem behavior will be repeated.
Jim was extremely afraid of riding on buses. He and Dr. Jey rode on a city bus for an hour. Jim was very frightened at first, but then he calmed down, and eventually he lost his fear.
flooding (Behavior Therapy)
A behavior therapy used to treat phobias. A client is placed in a feared but harmless situation.
A therapy where learning principles are used to help the clients change the way they think
Cognitive-behavioral Therapy
Berry is a personnel administrator. He feels uncomfortable because he is often faced with disciplinary descisions that result in angry employees. His therapist has pointed out that it is unrealistic to think that everyone will like him and be happy with his descisions all the time. Berry learns to treat people fairly and not to expect then to like all his decisions.
Rational-Emotive Behavioral Therapy
a client is taught to recognize self-defeating thought patterns and to replace them with more constructive thoughts.
Behavioral techinques aimed at replacing upsetting thoughts with alternative thinking patterns were orginally called...
Cognitive Restructing
Lisa is convinced that she will never be successful on her new job. As a result, she is very anxious. Dr. Nelson helps her list the skills she will need on the new job. Then Lisa and Dr. Nelson recall past jobs where Lisa performed very well using just those skills. Dr. Nelson helps her see that her anxiety-producing thoughts about her performance are wrong.
Beck's Cognitive Therapy
A client sees that her or his depression is due in part to erroneous and illogical thought patterns.
Therapeutic changes must be not only measurable but also substantial enough to make treated clients' feelings and actions similar to those of people who have not experienced these clients' disorders are known to be what?
clinically significant
p. 626
A reduction in treated clients' anxiety test scores.
statistically significant
Under what conditions can confidentiality?
Information given to a priest, lawyer, or a physician is privileged communication. The law may require A therapist to violate confidentiality under circumstances like: the client is serverly disturbed or sucidial that hospilization is needed....p.631
For problems such as social phobia, obessive-complusive disorder, agoraphobia, and posttraumatic stress disorder which therapy can be used?
Exposure therapy
For problems such as major depressive disorder, panic disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder, which therapy can be used?
Cognitive therapy
Involves passing electric current through the brain. Shock is applied to only one brain hemisphere, and patients are given a deep muscle relaxant prior to treatment to prevent injury.
electroconvulsive therapy
Surgical procedures that destroy tissue in small regions of the brain in an effort to treat psychological disorders.
psychosurgery (prefrontal lobodomy)
These drugs are effective in reducing hallucinations, delusions, paranoid suspiciousness, and incoherence.
neuroleptics (psychotropic medications)
Tranquilizers, such as librium and Valium are used to reduce anxiety, tension, and in some cases agoraphobia.
anxiolytics (psychotropic medications)
Can prevent both depression and the mania associated with bipolar disorders in some patients.
lithium (psychotropic medications)
Increases levels of seretonin and norepinephrine, are useful in treating depression.
antidepressants (psychotropic medications)