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46 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
personality
patterns of thought, motivation, and behavior expressed in diff. circumstances
personality types
distinct non-overlapping categories of personality
hippocrates**
4 fluids- humors associated with temperment
Galen
personality depended on dominent humor
Sheldon
related physique to temperment
Sulloway **
borth order affects personality
Allport
traits building blocks of personality
Catell - person.
source traits- 16 factors
Eysenck
extraversion, neuroticism, psychoticism
five factor model
extraversion, agreeableness, concientiousness, neuroticism, openess to experience
consistency paradox
personalities of groups are consistent over time, of individual persons, not consistant
psychodynamic personality theories
inner forces shape personality and behavior
Freud- person
theory of personality- "Darwin of the mind"
libido
source of energy for sexual urges
fixation
can't move up in stages because you are fixed on one
psychic determinism
all mental and behavior actions are affected by earlier experiences
unconcious
info. unavailable to concious
id
acts on impulse- pleasure principle, basic needs
superego
moral attitudes learned by society- should/should not- in conflict with id- Concious
ego
mediates between id and superego- reality principly
repression
defense mechanism protects from painful events/memories
ego defense mechanisms
ego uses to defend itself against id and superego conflicts
anxiety
triggered when repressed conflict is about to enter conciouss
Adler
inferiority feelings
Horney
challenged freud- womb envy
Jung
collective unconcious
collective unconcious
intuitive understanding of primitive stuff
archetype
primitive symbolic representation of an experience of object
analytic psychology
balancing internal forces
Rogers
unconditional positive regard
unconditional positive regard
children should not feel like they have to earn their parents love or fear it going away
psychobiography
use of psychological theory to make a story (picasso trauma on paint)
reciprocal determinism
have to experience all components to fully understand behavior, personality and social ecology
self- efficacy
belief that a person can preform pretty well in a certain situation
Cantor
social intelligence theory
social intelligence
expertise people bring to their experience in life tasks
James- personality
material me, social me, spiritual me- everything u associate with ure identity becomes you
self- concept
mental structure that allows you to know all about you
( behaviors and memories)
Markus
possible selves
possible selves
the ideal selves we would like to become
self- esteem
a generalized evaluation of the self
self- handicapping
doubting your ability to preform a task and therefore sabotoging your preformance
independant construals of self
becoming an individual as characterized by your culture
interdependant construals of self
being independant in a relationship and recognizing you and the other persons role in the relationship
personality inventory
reading a series of statements and indicating ones that pertain to them
projective test
person is given ambiguous stimuli and asked to interpret it