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39 Cards in this Set

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what is the earliest known attempt to treate mental disorders called? (drilling holes in a living person's skull)
trephining
Hypnosis was first known as?
mesmerism
therapists who believe that behavior is influenced by environment and people's perceptions are likely to use?
cognitive-behavioral approaches
therapists who think biological factors influence behavior use?
drug therapy and psychotherapy
what is the primary role of the psychonanalyst?
to interpret patient but the patient has to provide the psychoanalyst w/ something to interpret
free association
client speaks freely
(analyst avoids eye contact)
psychodynamic theorists see the ego as having the most control over the?
unconscious
what kind of therapy provides the client w/ a greater understanding of his/her potentional for personal growth & self-actualization?
(believes people are inherently good and have innate worth)
humanistic therapy
2 kinds of of humanistic therapy are?
client centered & Gestalt Therapy
Carl Rogers developed?
the first humanistic therapy
in client-centered therapy?
client decides what to talk about
the goal of humanistic therapy is?
to foster experiences that will make attainment of the ideal self more likely
What is the empty chair technique?
clients imagine takling to someone that they imagine sititng in the chair beside them Ex: therapist may ask a woman to say things she walwyas wanted to say to her deceased father
Gestalt & client centered therapy are only good for people who?
are motivated enough to change and intelligent enough to gain insight into their problems
what system was designed to remove unpleasant emotional response produced by feared object and replace it with relaxation?
systematic desensitization
what kind of therapy attempts to rid clients of their fears by arousing their fears at an intense level until client's response diminishes through extinction?
Implosion Therapy
what is it called when the client encounters the object of his/her fear?
flooding
behavior modification is based on?
operant conditioning principles
*used for weight management, bed-wetting, smoking, anorexia nervosa
to promote target behaviors, therapists use ?
token economies (plastic tokens as a reward for completing tasks)
what is covert sensititzatoin?
when the punishing stimulus is only imagined
what did Albert Ellis do?
he created rational-emotive therapy
what is rational-emotive therapy?
psychological problems are based on how people think about upsetting events/situations
cognitive behavioral theapists believe that when behavior changes it is because of ?
changes in cognitive procceses
what is it called when you have a neg. view of yourself?
cognitive triad
what kind of therapy is directed towards anxiety-disorders?
Exposure Therapy
salvador minuchin developed what?
structural family therapy
what is primary prevention?
when you eliiminate cause of psychological problems and birng conditions that promote adaptive behavior
what is secondary prevention?
immediate intervention
what kind of treatment is effective when you ahve a patient w/ a completely diff. culture than your own?
cotreatment
if you have 2 much dopamine you have ?
delusions and hallucinations
benzodiazepines are most effective for what type of disorders?
Anxiety
what does the SRRS say (social readjustment Rating Scale)
any change in a person's life is a stressor those who score high have high levels of stress
what is primary prevention?
when you eliminate cause of psychological problems and bring conditions that promote adaptive behavior
what is secondary prevention?
immediate intervention
what kind of treatment is effective when you ahve a patient w/ a completely diff. culture than your own?
cotreatment
ifyou have 2 much dopamine you have ?
delusions and hallucinations
benzodiazepines are most effective for what type of disorders?
Anxiety
what does the SRRS say (social readjustment Rating Scale)
any change in a person's life is a stressor those who score high have high levels of stress
who is chris loggins
a kenyon student