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41 Cards in this Set

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Life Span Development
a pattern of changing involvinh growth and decline beginning at conception and lasting until death.
resilent child
a child who has a bad childhood but does well as an adult
emperical
not just an opinion, but research is backed it up
maturation
development in stages
Development is multidimensional
age, body, mind, emotions, and realtionships are affecting and chaning each other
Development is multirectional
some aspects of dimensions shrink and some expand
Development is plastic (plasticity)
it has thr capacity for change
culteral
the behavior paterns, beliefs, and ll other products of a particular group of people that is passed from one generation to another
ethnicity
includes nationality, race, religion, and language
social acceptabilty response
people tell you what you want to hear
life history records
a record of information about a lifetime chronology of events and activities that often involve a combination of data recods on education, work, family, and residence
nucleus
center of cell; contains chromoes and genes
chromosomes
are threadlike structures composed of DNA molecules
gene
segment on DNA (spirled double chain) containing the hereditary code
fertilization
fusing of sperm and egg to form 1 set of paired chromosomes (offspring gets half of its genes from each parent)
genotype
a persons genetic material
phenotpes
observable or phsyical characeristics such as height, body style, and psychological characteristics such as personality and intelligence
dominant genes
phenotype (what you see)
recessive genes
genotype
Amniocentesis
samples amniotic fluid at 12-16 weeks
ultrasound sonography
high frequenct sound waves
chorionic villus sampling
small sample of placenta is removed during 8-11 week
maternal blood screening
identifies pregnancies with eleavated rish for birth defects
In Vitro fertilization (IVF)
egg and sperm united in lab. dish
Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT)
egg and sperm depositied directly into fallopian tube
Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT)
eggs fertilized in lab, then zygote deposited into fallopian tube
heredity
environment correlations; genetic properties influence enviroment to which individuals are exposed
passive genotype environment correlation
parents raise children in the way in which they are comfortable
evocative genotype environment correlation
childs characteristics elicit certain types of environments
active (niche-picking) genotype environment correlation
children seek out environments they find compatible and stimulating
germinal period
first 2 weeks after conception, zygote created
Embryonic period
occurs from 2-8 weeks after conception (organs and major body systems develop)
Fetal period
begins 2 months after conception and lasts until birth
mitosis
rapid cell division and duplication of the zygote cell
blastocyst
fluid filled sack that attaches to uterus wall after 6 days
placenta
a life support system that consists of a disk-shaped group of tissues in which small blood vessels from the mother and offspring interwine
unbilical cord
a life support system containg 2 arteries and 1 vein that connects the baby to the placenta
cephalocaudal principal
developments starts with the heard then downward to feet; heads are the biggest part of the body; top to bottom
proximodistal principal
near to far. development starts with the trunk, to limbs, to fingers, and toes.
teratogen
any agent that causes birth defects
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
a cluster of abnormalities that appears in the offsping of mothers who drank clcohol heavily during pregnancy