Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/24

Click to flip

24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
An interdisciplinary field of science that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge and then applies it to health and illness
BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE
psychologists who study the effects of behavior and mental processes on health and illness
HEALTH PSYCHOLOGISTS
an interdisciplinary model that assumes that health and overall wellness are caused by a complex interaction of biological, psychological and sociocultural factors
BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL MODEL
our response to events that disturb, or threaten to disturb, our physical of psychological equilibrium
STRESS
external or internal events that challenge or threaten us
STRESSORS
Selye's model of stress, in which an event that threatens an organism's well-being (a stressor) leads to a three-stage bodily response-alarm, resistance and exhaustion
GENERAL ADAPTATION SYNDROME (GAS)
physical conditions, such as high blood pressure and migraine headaches, that are caused or aggravated by psychological factors such as stress
PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL DISORDERS
a complex survillance system of specialized cells, tissues, and organs that is the body's primary defense against disease
IMMUNE SYSTEM
the interdisciplinary field that studies the relationship between psychological factors and physical illness
PSYCHONEUROIMMUNOLOGY
a coping strategy designed to reduce the stress by overcoming the source of the problem
PROBLEM-FOCUSED COPING
a coping strategy designed to manage the emotional reactions to stressors rather than to try to change the stressors themselves
EMOTION-FOCUSED COPING
a complex pattern of behaviors and emotions characterized by competitiveness, impatience, ambition, hostility and a hard-driving approach to life
TYPE A behavior pattern
a pattern of behaviors and emotions characterized by a patient, relaxed, easygoing approach to life, with little hurry or hostility
TYPE B behavior pattern
a set of personality traits marked by a sense of commitment, challenge, and control that promotes resistancec to stress and illness
HARDINESS
the habitual tendency to explain uncontrollable negative events as caused by one's own stable personal qualities, which affect all aspects of one's life. Pessimistic style - associated with health problems and premature death
PESSIMISTIC EXPLANATORY STYLE
habitual tendency to explain uncontrollable negative events as caused by temporary factors external to oneself that do not affect other aspects of one's life - optimistic style associated with good health and longevity
OPTIMISTIC EXPLANATORY STYLE
the helpful coping resorces provided by friends and other people
SOCIAL SUPPORT
the excessive accumulation of body fat. medically, a person with a BMI over 30 is considered this
OBESITY
a person's attitudes toward her or his body
BODY ESTEEM
an eating disorder in which a person weighs less than 85% of her or his expected weight but still expresses an intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat
ANOREXIA NERVOSA
an eating disorder in which a person engages in recurrent episodes of binge eating followed by drastic measures to purge the body of the consumed calories
BULIMIA
sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness
AEROBIC EXERCISE
a stress-reducing technique that involves the successive tensing and relaxing of each of the major groups of the body
PROGRESSIVE RELAXATION
a predominance of positive over negative affect (emotion) ad satisfaction with life as a whole
HAPPINESS