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59 Cards in this Set

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What are the four major research perspectives?
Biological, Cognitive, Sociocultural, Behavioral
BBCS
Biological psychologists look for causes within our _____, _____, and _____.
physiology, genetics, human evolution
inside and history
What is a prototype? (Fruit)
The image that we each feel represents a certain group. (Apple, orange)
model
What do behavioral psychologists study?
How environmental factors influence our actions.
environment
What do sociocultural pyshcologists study?
How other people and the cultural context impact our behavior.
culture
Operant conditioning involved the relationship between _____ and ________.
our behavior, environmental consequences
us and it
What three categories do all research methods fall into?
Experimental, correlational, and descriptive
DES
What are the three types of descriptive methods?
Case studies, observational techniques, and survey research
one person, lots of people, and no one knows
Third variable problem
the idea that a variable that isn't an independent now dependent variable can mess up findings
What are the two types of descriptive statistics?
central tendency, measures of variability
middle and different
what are the three types of central tendency
mean, median, mode
average
mean
the actual average
normal
median
very middle score
middle
mode
score that occurs the most
numbers
range
difference between the highest and lowest scores in a distribution
difference
standard deviation
average extent that the scores vary from the mean of the distribution
from the middle
normal distribution percentages
68% in first S.D., 95% in second S.D., 99% in third S.D.
right skewed distribution
a bell curve that leans to the left
tail
left skewed distribution
a bell curve that leans to the right
tail
psychology
the science of behavior and mental processes
outside and inside
glial cells
support system for the neurons
ladder
ratio of glial cell to neurons
10:1
how much blood is pumped to the brain
20%
how much oxygen does the brain use
25%
agonist
a drug or poison that increases the activity of one or more neurotransmitters
antagonist
a drug or poison that inhibits the activity of one or more neurotransmitters
acetycholine (ACh)
a neurotransmitter involved in learning, memory, and muscle movement
school, cards, sports
dopamine
a neurotransmitter that impacts our arousal, mood states, thought processes and muscle movements
what four things happen when your high?
GABA
the main inhibitory neurotransmitter in the nervous system
endorphins
the main neurotransmitters involved in pain perception and relief
excersize burn and cool
what are the two major parts of the nervous system?
peripheral nervous system, central nervous system
PNS, CNS
what are the three types of neurons in the CNS?
interneurons, sensory neurons, motor neurons
inside, outside, between
spinal reflex
a simple automatic action that doesn't involve the brain
reflex
what are the two parts of the peripheral nervous system?
somatic nervous system, autonomic nervous system
inside, outside
somatic nervous system
moves the outside parts of your body
outside
autonomic nervous system
moves the inside parts of your body
inside
what are the two parts of the autonomic nervous system?
parasympathetic nervous system, sympathetic nervous system
sorry, not sorry
parasympathetic nervous system
the nervous system that takes over control of your insides when you're not in a state of arousal
not sorry
sympathetic nervous system
the nervous system that takes over when your body is in a state of arousal
sorry
how are the endochrin glandular system and the nervous system connected?
they aren't, but they work together to make everything run smoothly
trick
exochrine glands (examples?)
excrete chemicals outside of the body, sweat and tears
exo
endochrine glands (example)
secrete chemicals inside the body into the bloodstream, hormones
endo
hormones
a chemical messenger secreted by the endochrine system into the bloodstream and sent to a specific part of the body
facial hair
Hypothalamus controls?
the pituitary gland and endochrine system
russian dolls
pituitary gland controls? secretes? what do the secretions do?
everything but the hypothalamus, hormones, tell other glands to release their own hormones
vice president, phone tree
three components of emotions
cognitive, behavioral, physiological
the behavioral component of emotion is a product of the ____ nervous system?
somatic
James-Lange theory
emotional follows physiological and behavioral response
no sense
Cannon-Bard theory
all responses happen at the same time
makes sense
Schachter and Singer two-factor theory
physiological arousal and cognitive appraisal trigger emotions
complicated
central core components
brain stem, medulla, thalamus, reticular formation, cerebellum, basal ganglia
hand gestures
limbic system components
hypothalamus, amygdala, hippocampus
hand gestures
medulla
regulates heartbeat, breathing, blood pressure, digestion
things u cant change
reticular formation
arousal and awareness
sex and consciousness
cerebellum
balance, movements, motor and procedural learning
vertigo
thalamus
relay station for sensory information
jump off
basal ganglia
initiation and execution of physical movements
do it
hippocampus
memories
hungry hungry hippos
amygdala
regulates emotional experiences, fear, anger and aggression
the word looks pissed