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33 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
developmental psychology
psych that looks at human development over the life span
social psych
psych that focuses on interpersonal behavior and the role of social forces in governing behavior
experimental psych
psych that focuses on traditional topics: sensation, perception, learning, emotion, etc.
physiological psych
psych that examines the influence of genetic factors on behavior and the role of the brain, nervous system, etc.
cognitive psych
psych that focuses on "higher" mental processes: memory, reasoning, info processing, problem solving, creativity, etc.
personality
psych that is interested in describing and understanding one's consistency in behavior
psychometrics
psych that is concerned with measurement of behavior and capacities; also with design of tests to assess personality, intelligence and a wide range of abilities
clinical psych
psych that isconcerned with the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of people with psych disorders, as well as treatment of less severe behavioral and emotional problems
counseling psych
psych that usually work with people struggling with everyday problems of moderate severity (family, marital, career counseling)
educational and school psych
psych that works to improve curriculum design, achievement testing, teacher training and other aspects of educational process
industrial and organizational psych
psych that works to improve staff morale and attitudes, strives to increase productivity and job satisfaction, etc
empiricism
the premise that knowledge should be acquired through observation
psychiatry
branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems and disorders
introspection
careful, systematic self-observation of one's own conscious experience
structuralism
psych is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how they're related
functionalism
psych should investigate the function or purpose of consciousness, rather than its structure
natural selection
heritable characteristics that provide a reproductive advantage are more likely to be passed on than other traits and become more "selectable"
unconscious
contains thoughts, memories,and desires that are well below the surface of conscious awareness but that nonetheless exert great influence on behavior
psychoanalytic theory
attempts to explain personality, motivation, and mental disorders by focusing on unconscious determinants of behavior
behaviorism
theoretical orientation based on the premise that scientific psych should study only observable behavior
behavior
refers to any overt (observable) response or activity by an organism
humanism
theoretical orientation that emphasizes the unique qualities of humans, especially their freedom and their potential for personal growth
applied psych
branch of psych concerned with everyday, practical problems
cognition
the mental process involved in aquiring knowledge
ethnocentrism
tendency to view one's own group as superior to others and as the standard for judging the worth of foreign ways
evolutionary psych
examines behavioral processes in terms of their adaptive value for members of a species over the course of many generations
positive psych
psych that uses theory and research to better understand the positive, adaptive, creative, and fulfilling aspects of human existence
psychology
science that studies behavior and the processes that underlie it, and it is the profession that applies the accumulated knowledge of this science to practical problems
psychiatry
branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems and disorders
theory
system of interrlated ideas used to explain a set of observations
culture
refers to the widely shared customs, beliefs, values, norms, institutions, and other products of a community that are transmitted socially across generations
SQ3R
study system designed to promote effective reading, which includes five steps: survey, question, read, recite, and review
critical thinking
use of cognitive skills and strategies that increase the probability of a desirable outcome