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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
in depth perception, the result of conjugate eye movements in which the fixation point for each eye is identical; feedback from these movements provide information about the distance of visual objects from the viewer
Retinal disparity
The fact that objects located at different distances from the observer would fall into different location on the two retinas; provides a binocular view for dept perception
A monocular cue for dept perception; an object that partially blacks another object is perceived as closer
a monolocular cue for dept perception based on the retinal size of an object (really small car perceived as far away)
Linear perspective
A monocular cue for dept perception; the arrangement of lines drawn in the opposite dimensions such as parallel lines receding from the viewer as seen as to converge at a point on the horizon
a monocular cue for dept perception; corser is closer, finer is farther away
A monocular cue for dept perception; the apparent light source determines whether the surface of the object as perceived as concave or convex
A monocular cue for dept perception; objects nearer to the horizon are seen as further to the viewer
Motion parallax
A monocular cue for dept perception; as we pass by a sense, objects closer to us appear to move farther than those more distant
Brightness constancy
Our tendency to perceive objects having a constant brightness even when we observe them under varying levels of illumination
Size constancy
our tendency to perceive objects as having a constant size, even when they are rotated or their distance from us changes
Shape constancy
Our tendency to receive objects as having a shape regardless of their rotation or their difference for us.
Ventriloquism effect
The apparent shift in location of sound from its authority source to its perceived visual location
Binding problem
the question of how the brain assembles or combinds multiple units of input into a unified perception (combines visual and auditory stimulus)
Phi phenomenon
the perception of a movement caused by the turning on and off of two or more lights, one at a time, in sequence, often used in theater marquees; responsible for the apparent movement of images in movies or televisions