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13 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Figure
A visual stimulus that is perceived as an object
Ground
a visual stimulus that is perceived as a background against which objects are seen
Law of Proximity
A Gestalt law of perceptual organization; elements located closest to one another are perceived as belonging to the same figure
Law of similarity
a Gesalt law of perceptual organization; similar elements are perceived as belonging to the same figure (dimond of circles within the Xs)
Law of good continuation
A Gesalt law of perceptual organization; given two or more possible interpretations of the elements the form the outline of a figure, the brain will adopt the simplest interpretation will be preferred.
Law of closure
A Gesalt law of perceptual organization; elements missing from the outline of a figure are “filled in” by the visual system
Law of common fate
A Gesalt law of perceptual organization; elements that move together give rise to the perception of a particular figure.
Templates
A hypothetical pattern that is stored in the nervous system and is used to perceive objects or shapes by a process of comparison
Prototypes
A hypothetical idealized pattern that resides in the nervous system and is used to perceive objects or shapes (generality)
Distinctive features
Physical characteristics of an object that help distinguish it from other objects (way which visual system decodes images)
geons
Tachistoscope
A devise that can present visual stimuli for (usually very brief) durations of time
kitchen analogy
Bottom-up processing
Perception based on successive analyses of the details of the stimuli
Top-down processing
Perception based on information provided by the context in which a particular stimulus is encountered