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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
behavior therapy
treatment that begins with clear, well-defined behavioral goals, such as eliminating test anxiety, and then attempts to achieve those goals through learning
biopsychosocial model
the concept that abnormal behavior has three major aspectsQbiological, psychological, and sociological
brief therapy
(or time-limited therapy) treatment that begins with an agreement about what the therapist and the client can expect from each other and how long the treatment will last
the release of pent-up emotions associated with unconscious thoughts and memories
cognitive therapy
treatment that seeks to improve people's psychological well-being by changing their cognitions
cognitive-behavior therapy
treatment that combines important features of both behavior therapy and cognitive therapy, attempting to change people's behavior by changing their interpretation of their situation
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition
DSM-IV) a book that lists the acceptable labels for all psychological disorders, with a description of each and guidelines on how to distinguish it from similar disorders
differential diagnosis
a determination of what problem a person has, in contrast to all the other possible problems that might produce similar symptoms
dissociative identity disorder
a rare condition in which the personality separates into several identities; also known as multiple personality disorder
eclectic therapy
treatment that uses a combination of methods and approaches
family systems therapy
treatment based on the assumptions that most people's problems develop in a family setting and that the best way to deal with them is to improve family relationships and communication
free association
a procedure where a client lies on a couch, starts thinking about a particular symptom or problem and then reports everything that comes to mind
group therapy
treatment administered to a group of people all at once
a mismatch between someone's self-concept and ideal self
a therapist's explanation of the underlying meaning of what a client says
a method of taking the results of many experiments, weighting each one in proportion to the number of participants, and determining the overall average effect
person-centered therapy
also known as nondirective or client-centered therapy) a procedure in which a therapist listens to the client sympathetically, provides unconditional positive regard, and offers little interpretation or advice
personality disorder
a maladaptive, inflexible way of dealing with the environment and other people
a method of psychotherapy developed by Sigmund Freud, based on identifying unconscious thoughts and emotions and bringing them to consciousness
psychodynamic therapies
treatments that attempt to uncover people's underlying drives and motivations
the treatment of psychological disorders by methods that include a personal relationship between a trained therapist and a client
rational-emotive therapy
treatment based on the assumption that thoughts (rationality) lead to emotions, and that problems arise not from the unpleasant emotions themselves, but the irrational thoughts that lead to them
the second stage of response to stress, a stage of prolonged but moderate arousal
self-help group
assembly of people with similar problems, who operate much like group therapy but without a therapist
spontaneous remission
improvement of a psychological condition without therapy
the extension of a client's feelings toward a parent or other important figure onto the therapist