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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Personality
Unique and consistent pattern of
Thinking
Feeling
Behaving
Personality Theories
Explain how individual are similar and how they are different.
There are 4 theories
Psychoanalytic Perspective
Importance of:
Unconscious Processes
Early Childhood

(Freud)
Levels of Awareness
Conscious
Preconscious
Unconscious
Conscious
Currently aware of thoughts feels and ect.
Preconscious
Long term memory
You are not currently aware of it but it can be brought to your awareness
Unconscious
Drives our personality
Drives our own feelings
Contains death wish
Structure of Personality
Iceberg
3 parts
Conflict
Iceberg
Is the shape of the three parts
3 parts
There are three parts of an iceberg and there are three parts of our personality
Conflict
Always in conflict
Gives anxiety
3 Parts
Id
Ego
Superego
Id
Primitve Part
Unconscious
Libido Source (source of energy)
The pleasure Principle
Id is presnce at birth
Pleasure Principle
Immediate satisfaction
Increase pleasure decreases pain
Don't understand post poning untill later date
Ego
Mostly conscious
Organized
Rational
Planning dimension
Reality Principle (Postpone Graditifaction till a proper time)
Superego
Conscious and un conscious
Evaluates behavior/thoughts
Praises or admonishes
Freuds Ego Defense Mechanisms
Ego Defense Mechanisms:
Unconscious thoughts or perceptinos - provokes anxiety
Act to reduce anxiety
Used by ego
Repression
Exclusion from conscious awareness

Most common
Displacement
Redirecting emotional impulses toward a less threatening source
Sublimation
Sexual urges are rechanneled into productive nonsexual activities.
Rationalization
Justifing one's behavior with socially acceptable explanations
Projection
Attribute of one's own unacceptable urges to another

(gossip)
Reaction Formation
Thinking or behaving in a way that is extreme opposite of unacceptable urges
The way you think might not be acceptable.
Denial
Failure to recognize anxiety-provoking info
Regression
Retreating to an earlier stage of develpment due to anxiety
Freuds Psychosexual stages of development
Psychosexual Stages:
Sex instinct-all have a sex drive
5 stages
At each stage it centers on a body part and a conflict arises.
Must be resolved to avoid fixation
Stages
Oral
Anal
Phallic
Latency
Genital
Oral
Birth to 12-18 months
Infants gain sexual gratifaction with sucking. Conflict with weeing of the breast
Anal
12-18 months to 3 yrs
The anus is the body part and they get gratifaction with expelling fecus. They are very clean and or very neat
Phallic
3 yrs-5-6 yrs
Boys- oe dipus find mom sexual arousal but theres dad. So boys are afraid so they get castration anxiety.
Girls - Eleotrax find dad sexual arousal but theres mom. So girls don't fully delevop a superego.