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25 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
sensation
the process of detecting and encoding stimulus energy in the world
What is a hypotheses?
a specific assumptions or predictions that can be tested to determine their accuracy
learning
a relativelypermanant change in behavior that occurs through experience
What are the three main types of psychoactive drugs?
depressants,stimulants, and hallucinogens
extrasensory perception (ESP)
perception that occurs with out the use of any known sensory process, most pshchologist do not believe in ESP
narcolepsy
is the overpowering urge to fall asleep
altered state of consciousness
occurs when a person is in a mental state that moticeably dffer from normal awareness
Depressants
slow down mental and physical activity
stimulants
increase the central nervous systems activity
Hallucinogens
modify a persons perceptual wxperience and produce visual images that are not real
operant conditioning
a form of learning in which the consequences of behavior produce changes in the probability of the behavior's occurrence
retrieval
takes place when information is taken out of storage
Who developed the concept of operant conditioning?
the american pshchologist B.F. Skinner
Storage
consists of the retention of information over time
encoding
involves how information gets into memory
random assignment
which occurs whem researchers assign participants to experimental and control groups by chance
independant variable
the manipulated, influential, experimental factor
case study
in an in-depth look at a single individual; when either practical or ethical reasons
dependant variable
the factor that is measured in an experiment
nature
often used to describe an organism's biological inheritance
nurture
often used to describe an organism's environmental experiences
what is the master gland?
the anterior (front) part of the pituitary gland
cones
are the receptors hat we use for color perception
perception
is the brains process of organizing an dintrpreting sensory information to give it meaning
rods
are the receptors in the retina that are sensitive to light but are not very useful for color vision