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16 Cards in this Set

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Implicit Memory
Memory that occurs when an experience affects a person's behavior, even though the person is not aware that he or she had the experience.
Episodic Memory
Memory for specific events that have happened to the person having the memory. These events are ususally remembered as a personal experience that occured at a particular time and place.
Semantic Memory
Memory for knowledge about the world that is not tied to any specific personal experience.
Procedural Memory
Memory for how to carry out highly practiced skills. A type of implicit memory.
Repitition Memory
When an initial presentation of a stimulus affects the person's response to the same stimulus when it is presented later.
Propoganda Effect
When people are more likely to rate statements they have read or heard before as being true, just because of prior exposure to the statements.
Retrograde Amnesia
The loss of memory for what happened prior to concusion.
Anterograde Amnesia
The loss of memory for events immediately following a trauma.
Long-term Potentiation
The increased firing that occurs in a postsynaptic neuron due to prior activity at the synapse.
Memory Consolidation
Strengthening of the neural information representing a memory over time.
Depth of Processing Theory
The idea that the processing that occurs as an item is being encoded into memory can be deep or shallow. Deep processing involves attention to meaning and is associated with elaborative rehearsal. Shallow involves repetition with little attention to meaning.
Elaborative Rehearsal
Rehearsal that involves thinking about the meaning of an item to be remembered or making connections between that item and prior knowledge.
Maintenance Rehearsal
Rehearsal that involves repetition without any consideration of meaning or making connections to other information.
Encoding Specificity
The principle that we learn information together with its context.
State-dependent retrieval
The theory that memory is best is a person is in the same state for encoding and retrieval.
Transfer-Appropriate Processing
When the type of encoding that occurs during acquisition matches the type of encoding that occurs during acquisition.