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14 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Peer Relationships progression of stages:
1. Solitary
2. Parallel (beside but not together)
3. Associative (together but lack same goals)
4. Cooperative (same goals)
Facilitating social relationships
parents
ses and geographical issues are factors
Gender in children's peer relationships:
middle childhood - same sex
boys interact in larger groups, rough and tumble play
girls more self disclosed and interpersonal
Sociometric Nominations:
how we find out who is liked
-direct preference questions
-task specific/indirect preference
-list all names on paper and select most and least liked
-show pictures
-behavioral observations
Social Classifications
Popular
Controversial (liked and disliked by many)
Neglected (few friends, not disliked)
Rejected
Why are kids liked/disliked?
Social Skills
Well liked kids want interaction
attractiveness
names
age preference for same-aged peers
Ways kids are rejected
excluded
dominated/controlled bossy
denied access to people/things
physically or psychologically attacked
Aggressive Kids
Encode Differently
Interpret cues differently
Response Search is different( generate fewer and more aggressive responses)
Choose an Aggressive Response
Enact an Aggressive Response
2 Types of Aggression in Peer Victimization:
Physical (more in boys)
Relational (more in girls)
How kids react to victimization depends on:
close friends
frequency
confidence/self esteem
response (passive kids are more affected)
Consequences of Peer Victimization:
Loneliness
School Refusal
Social Anxiety
Depression
Reputational Bias (hard to change)
What if kids go to a different school?
behave better for a while then typically behave the same way again
Neglected Youth
Anxious Solitary Kids is a subgroup
Interventions for Peer Status:
Peer Pairing:neglected kids paired with popular kids
Social Skills Training: by mental health physicians.