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21 Cards in this Set

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Attraction definition and other stuff
Evaluation of specific other person
Aka, an attitude
Typically positive
If you’re attracte to someone, evaluate them positively
Predicts behavior
Including belongingness related behaviors (goals)
Propinquity effect
Attracted to people you see and interact with regularly
Segal study
Dorm assignment
Festinger study
MIT room assignment
Functional distance
how likely you are to interact with someone
MIT study (festinger)
Proximity: Diagram of an MIT apartment complex. (Source: Festinger, Schachter, & Back, 1950.)
Westgate West: student housing complex for married students..randomly assigned to apartment and building within complex..10 apartments across 2 floors, and some live near the stairs

Who do you associate with socially most often? And who are your closest friends: negative correlation of physical distance and interaction with these people
When asked to list closest friends: 2/3 listed people that lived in same building rather than different building…41% listed their next door neighbors

People who lived on first floor near the stairs had a better chance of being friends with people above them, than first floor people far away from the stairs
Segal Maryland police
Maryland police training assigned people randomly..the place (location) that you fall is a really strong predictor of where your friends fell on the list
Line up next to you..and because you live near someone, you become friends
Familiarity (captured by mere exposure effect)
Mere exposure effect: The more often we are exposed to a stimulus…
The more you see and interact with someone, the more you like them because they have become familiar
Probably due to fluency

Mere exposure effect only works if you felt it as neutral on the offset
Contact
Able to see and interact with people, and from there, attraction can grow
But, you could see their bad sides in all of this time too..so not just contact
Physical attractiveness
Does it matter? Yes..it does predict kinds of liking
Definition? Everyody has a type, but many things are attractive across time
Gendered features
some features particularly attractive on men (large eyes, prom cheek bones, broad jaw) or women (large eyes, prominent cheek bones, small nose, high eyebrows, wide smile)
Symmetry
also valued cross culturally
Averageness
we like average faces and positively evaluate them…they feel more familiar and comfortable
But....
culture, time, situational
3 things why is attractiveness a predictor
Evolutionary roots (fertility, health)
Preference for attractive traits goes to evolutionary roots and desire to pass on genes
What-is-beautiful-is-good stereotype
Things that are beautiful are good..attractive people possess other desirable personality traits
Self-fulfilling prophecies
Stereotypes from “what is beautiful can lead to this”
Misattribution of arousal
Positive affect and/or arousal associated with situation could be misattributed to person you’re with
Matching hypothesis
“We date people as attractive as we are”
Linguistic matching
Speaking similarly to close friend or romantic partner..has to do with how string words together (natural language use)
Not like people using code words or pet names..structure of sentences.
Want to get to know people with similar ones
4 reasons why we like similar others
Propinquity
Similarity can increase proprinquity
Self-evaluation maintenance
We talked about negative side on cog diss day..this is underlied though because we want to be with people who validate us and maintain our views of ourselves
Self-image bias
How we see ourselves colors how we see others..how we evaluate others..if someone is dissimilar, we rate them negatively..if people agree with us, we evaluate positively
We expect similar others to like us
We like ourselves..this person is like me, so this person should also like me..also, we like people who are similar
Reciprocity
We tend to be attracted to others who we feel are attracted to us (like only being attracted to someone after you find out they are attracted to you)
6 factors of attraction
proximity, attractiveness, miattribution of arousal, similarity, reciprocity, hard to get