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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A motivation to bond with others in relationships that provide ongoing, positive interactions
need to belong
Geographical nearness; powerfully predicts liking
proximity
The tendency for novel stimuli to be liked more or rated more positively after the rater has been repeatedly exposed to them.
Mere-exposure effect
The tendency for men and women to choose as partners those are a "good match" in attractiveness and other traits.
Matching phenomenon
The presumtion that physically attricve people possess other socially desirable traits as well: what is beautiful is good.
Physical-attractiveness stereotype
The popularity supposed tendency, in a relationship between two people, for each to complete what is missing in the other.
complementarity
The use of strategies, such as flattery, by which people seek to gain another's favor.
ingratiation.
The theory that we like those whose behavior is rewarding to us or whom we associate with rewarding events.
Reward theory of attraction
arousal x its label = emotion
two-factor theory of emotion
a state of intense longing for union with another. absorbed in each other, feel ecstatic at attaining their partners love, and are disconsolate in losing it.
passionate love
the affection we feel for those with whom our lives are deeply intertwined.
companionate love
attachments rooted in trust and marked by intimacy
secure attachment
attachments marked by a sense of one's own unworthiness and anxiety, ambivalence, and possessiveness.
preoccupied attachment
an avoidant relationship style marked by distrust of others.
dismissive attachment
an avoidant relationship style marked by fear of rejection
fearful attachment
A condition in which the outcomes people receive from a relationship are proportional to what they contribute to it.
equity (doesn't always have to be equal)
revealing intimate aspects of oneself to others.
self-disclosure
the tendency for one person's intimacy of self-disclosure to match that of a conversational partner.
disclosure reciprocity
social ostracism evokes a brain response similar to that triggered by ________ ____.
physical pain
3 Aspects of Proximity
1. interaction
2. anticipation of interaction
3. mere exposure
Students rated stimuli more ________ after being shown them repeatedly
positively
Women tend to find ________ more attractive than bodies, versus men
brains
We tend to like people who are more _____ ___.
like us (likeness begets liking)
Sternberg's Conception of Kinds of Loving has combinations of _____ basic components of love
three
Romantic love = intimacy + _________
Fatuous love = passion + _________
Companionate love = __________ + commitment
passion; commitment; intimacy
Passion = _________
Decision/commitment = ___________
Intimacy = ___________
infatuation; empty love; liking
researchers report that ________ eye contact, nodding and smiling are indicators of passionate love.
sustained
What factors enable close relationships?
attachment, equity, self-disclosure
People are more likely to stay married if:
married after age 20, both grew up in stable, 2 parent homes, dates for a long time before marraige, are well and similarly educated, enjoy a stable income from a good job, live in a small town or on a farm, didn't cohabit or become pregnant before marriage, are religiously committed, are of similar age, faith, and education
People who rate their marriages the highest are generally the _________
happiest