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36 Cards in this Set

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Object assembly, picture arrangement, & block design are 3 performance subtests of the:
WAIS
The distribution of intelligence test scores in the general population forms a bell-shaped pattern. This pattern is called a:
Normal curve
Individuals with Down syndrome are:
born with an extra chromosome
The similarity between the intelligence test scores of identical twins raised apart is:
greater than that between ordinary siblings reared together.
Research indicates that Head Start programs:
Reduce the likelihood that participants will repeat grades or require special education
Girls are most likely to outperform boys in a(n):
Spelling bee
Boys are most likely to outperform girls in a(n):
Chess tournament
Intelligence test are biased in the sense that:
test performance is influenced by cultural experiences
Males are most likely to outnumber females in a class designed for high school students gifted in:
Math reasoning
Which term refers to all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering and communicating?
Cognition
In Wolfgang Kohler's experiment, the chimpanzee Sultan retrieved a long stick with a short stick to retrieve a piece of fruit. Sultan was able to reach the fruit as a result of:
Insight
If using a stick is successful in retrieving termites from a mound, chimpanzees improve their ability to use sticks for this purpose. This illustrates that the chimps' problem-solving strategy is shaped by:
reinforcement
Experts would most likely agree that intelligence is a(n):
mental ability to learn from experience
Spearman's g factor refers to:
a general intelligence that underlies successful performance on a wide variety of tasks
Twenty-five-year-old Alexandra is mentally handicapped and can neither read nor write. However, after hearing lengthy, unfamiliar, and complex musical selections just once, she can reproduce them precisely on the piano. It is likely that Alexandra is:
someone with savant syndrome
Generating multiple possible answers to a problem illustrates:
divergent thinking
When Professor McGuire asks her student to answer questions in class, she can quickly tell from their facial expressions whether they are happy to participate, Professor McGuire's perceptual skill best illustrates:
emotional intelligence
The ability to control one's impulses and delay immediate pleasures in pursuit of long-term goals is most clearly a characteristic of:
emotional intelligence
Binet and Simon designed a test of intellectual abilities in order to:
identify children likely to have difficulty learning in regular school classes.
For the original version if the Stanford-Binet, IQ was defined as:
mental age divided by chronological age and multiplied by 100.
Infants are first able to discriminate speech sounds during the ___ stage.
babbling
At some point during the babbling stage, infants begin to:
lose their ability to discriminate sounds they never hear.
Telegraphic speech is most closely associated with the _____ stage of language development.
two-word.
Psychologist B.F. Skinner emphasized the importance of ____ in language acquisition.
reinforcement
Noam Chomsky has emphasized that the acquisition of language by children is facilitated by:
an inborn readiness to learn grammatical rules.
It is difficult to explain language acquisition solely in terms of imitation and reinforcement because children:
generate all sorts of sentences they have never heard before
Chomsky suggested that as a child first begins hearing language, appropriate settlings or standards regarding the rules of that language are activated in the child's:
language acquisition device
Many people who are bilingual experience a different sense of self, depending on which language they are using. This most clearly illustrates the implications of:
Whorf's linguistic determinism hypothesis
Contemporary psychologists are most likely to criticize Whorf's linguistic determinism hypothesis for:
underestimating the extent to which thinking occurs without language.
Introductory psychology students performed best on a midterm psychology test if they had previously spent five minutes a day visualizing themselves:
studying effectively
Some people are unable to arrange six matches to form four equilateral triangles because they fail to consider a three-dimensional arrangement. This best illustrates the effects of ____ on problem solving.
fixations
The tendency to think of objects only in terms of their normal uses is called:
functional fixedness
Marlene forgot to bring a pillow on the camping trip, so she spent a very uncomfortable and restless night. Unfortunately, she never thought of using her down-filled jacket as a pillow. Marlene's oversight best illustrates:
functional fixedness
Miss Jan De Jong is orderly, neat, fairly quiet, and shy. She enjoys reading in her spare time and belongs to a social club that includes three librarians, nine real estate agents, and eight social workers. A tendency to conclude that Jan must be one of the three librarians would illustrate the powerful influence of:
the representative heuristic
Our tendency to judge the likelihood of an event on the basis of how readily we can remember instances of its occurrence is called the:
availability heuristic
College students routinely underestimate how much time it will take them to complete assigned course projects. This best illustrates the impact of:
overconfidence