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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
waves in Stage 1 sleep
no alphas
waves in stage 2 sleep
sleep spindles and k complexes
waves in stage 3 sleep
waves in stage 4 sleep
waves in REM sleep
sawtooth waves
what sleep decreases with age
what kind of sleep is made up first after a night of sleep dprivation
slow wave
what is primary insomnia
difficulty initiating or mainting sleep
results in daytime drowsiness or poor fn
at least 3 x/week for at least 1 month
tx for primary insomnia
sleep hygiene
short term benadryl
short term ambien
short term zalelon
short term trazodone
primary hypersomnia?
at least 1 moth of excessive
- daytime sleepiness
- excessive sleep

not attributable to
- medical condition
- poor sleep hygiene
- insufficient sleep
- narcolepsy
tx for prmary hypersomnia
sudden attachs of sleep in daytime
for at least 3 months
associated with
- cataplexy (collapse due to sudden loss muscle tone)
- short REM latency
- sleep paralysis
- hypnagogic, hypnopompic, hallucinations
what's cataplexy and what's it associated with?
collapse due to sudden loss of muscle tone, associated with emotion, particularly laughter

occurs in 70% of narcolepsy patients
woman gets adquate sleep at night
but has to sleep during day
and nap doesn't refresh
primary hypersomnia
tx for narcolepsy
timed daily naps
stimulant drugs
SSRIs or sodium oxalate
what is Obstructive sleep apnea associated with? Central?
OSA: snoring
CSA: heart failure
what breathing equipment to use for OSA vs CSApnea
repeated awakenings with recall of extremely frightiening dream
nightmare disorder
repeated episodes of apparent fearfulness during sleep, usually beginning with a scream and asociated with intense enxiety. Patients not awake and don't remember the episodes
Night Terror Disorder
difference between nightmare disorder and night terror disorder
the former remember the incident
which NTs enhance libido? which inhibit it?
serotonin inhibits
dopamine enhances
common criteria for all DSM sexual disorders
- all caused marked distress or interpersonal diffiuclty

dysfunction is not caused by substance use or a general medical condition
difference between a primary and a secondary erectile disorder
in primary, never had one