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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
medulla
a part of the brain that regulates cardiac and respiratory function.
thalamus
a part of the brain located just above the brainstem that receives sensory information, processes it, and sends it to the cerebral cortex..
cerebral cortex
an outer part of the brain that is mainly involved in the coordination of sensory and motor information.
cerebellum
a part of the brain that coordinates muscle movements and maintains equilibrium. It is involved in conditioning and forming procedural memories and habits related to movement.
amygdala
a part of the limbic system; involved in fear detection and conditioning; it is essential for unconscious emotional responses such as the fight-or-flight response.
hippocampus
a part of the brain involved in processing explicit memories, recognizing and recalling long-term memories, and conditioning.
hypothalamus
a small structure in the brain that links the nervous system to the endocrine system.
fight-or-flight response
a physiological response to stressors, triggered by the amygdala, in which the body becomes prepared for action.
corpus callosum
a large band of axons connecting the two hemispheres of the brain
primary cortex
a part of the cerebral cortex that serves basic sensory and motor functions; one exists in each lobe of the cerebral cortex
association cortex
a part of the cerebral cortex that helps basic sensory and motor information from a specific lobe integrate with information from the rest of the brain; one exists in each lobe of the cerebral cortex.
occipital lobes
parts of the brain involved in visual processing; the smallest of the four lobes in the human brain.
primary visual cortex
a part of the brain that receives input from the eyes and translates that input into what people see.
temporal lobes
parts of the brain involved in auditory processing
parietal lobes
parts of the brain primarily concerned with bodily sensations, including those of touch, taste, and temperature.
primary auditory cortex
a part of the brain involved in auditory processing
frontal lobes
parts of the brain that performs a variety of integration and management functions. They are involved in the encoding and storage of working and long-term memory and, to a lesser extent, in sensory memory processing.
primary motor cortex
a part of the brain that is responsible for generating the neural impulses that control the execution of movements
broca's area
a part of the frontal lobe that initiates the movements needed to produce speech.
primary somatosensory cortex
a part of the brain that receives and interprets information about bodily sensations; located in the parietal lobe.
3 types of neurons
1. sensory
2. motor
3. interneurons
motor neurons
carry information away from the central nervous system
sensory neurons
carry information from the sensory organs
interneurons
-send information between sensory neurons and motor neurons
-the most numerous type of neuron
brainstem
-medulla oblongata
-pons
limbic system
a series of neural structures that are critical for human emotion, motivation, and some forms of emotional and social learning
structures included in the limbic system
-amygdala
-hippocampus
-hypothalamus
-cingulate cortex