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36 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
psychology
scientific study of behavior and mental processes
introspection
the process of examining and measuring one's own thoughts and mental activities
structuralism
early perspective in psychology associatedn with Wundt and Titchner in which focuses on the structure or basic elements of the mind
functionalism
early psychology associated with William James in which the focus of study is how the mind allows people to adapt, live, work and play
Gestalt psychology
focuses on perception and sensation, particularly the perception of patterns and whole figures
psychoanalysis
theory and therepy based on the work of Sigmund Freud
psychodynamic perspective
modern version of psychoanalysis that is more focused on the development of a sense of self and the discovery of other motivations behind a person's behavior than sexual motivations
behaviorism
science of behavior that focuses on observable behavior only
humanistic perspective
perspective that emphasizes human potential and the idea that people have the freedom to choose their own destiny
biopsychological perspective
perspective that attributes human and animal behavior to biological events occurring in the body such as genetic influences, hormones, and the activity of the nervous system
cognitive perspective
modern perspective that focuses on memory, intelligence, perception, problem solving and learning
sociocultural perspective
perspective that focuses on relationship between social behavior and culture
evolutinary perspective
perspective that focuses on the biological bases of universal mental characteristics that all humans share
psychiatrist
medical doctor who has specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders
psychologists
professional with an academic degree and specialized training in one or more areas of psychology
psychology
scientific study of behavior and mental processes
introspection
the process of examining and measuring one's own thoughts and mental activities
structuralism
early perspective in psychology associatedn with Wundt and Titchner in which focuses on the structure or basic elements of the mind
functionalism
early psychology associated with William James in which the focus of study is how the mind allows people to adapt, live, work and play
Gestalt psychology
focuses on perception and sensation, particularly the perception of patterns and whole figures
psychoanalysis
theory and therepy based on the work of Sigmund Freud
psychodynamic perspective
modern version of psychoanalysis that is more focused on the development of a sense of self and the discovery of other motivations behind a person's behavior than sexual motivations
behaviorism
science of behavior that focuses on observable behavior only
humanistic perspective
perspective that emphasizes human potential and the idea that people have the freedom to choose their own destiny
biopsychological perspective
perspective that attributes human and animal behavior to biological events occurring in the body such as genetic influences, hormones, and the activity of the nervous system
cognitive perspective
modern perspective that focuses on memory, intelligence, perception, problem solving and learning
sociocultural perspective
perspective that focuses on relationship between social behavior and culture
evolutinary perspective
perspective that focuses on the biological bases of universal mental characteristics that all humans share
psychiatrist
medical doctor who has specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders
psychologists
professional with an academic degree and specialized training in one or more areas of psychology
random assignment
process of assigning subjects to either control groups or experimental groups
placebo effect
phenomenon in which the expectations of the participiants in a study can influence their behavior
single-blind study
study in which the subjects do not know if they are in the experimental or control group
experimenter effect
tendendy of the experimenter's expectations for a study to unintentionally influence the results of the study
double-blind study
study in which netiher the experimenter nor the subjects knows if the subjects are in the experimental or control group
critical thinking
making reasoned judgements about claims