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22 Cards in this Set

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How do psychologists conceptualize abnormality?
based on statistical deviance, cultural deviance, emotional distress, dysfunction
Statistical deviance
A criterion of abnormality stating that a behavior is abnormal if it occurs infrequently among the members of a population
Cultural deviance
A criterion of abnormality stating that a behavior is abnormal if it violates the rules or accepted standards of society
Emotional Distress
A criterion of abnormality stating that abnormal behaviors are those that lead to emotional upset or personal distress
Dysfunction
A breakdown in normal functioning; abnormal behaviors are those that prevent one from pursuing adaptive strategies
DSM IV
4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistics Manual. Offers psychologists a method of diagnosing mental illnesses according to their symptoms
Axis 1
Clinical disorders and other conditions that require therapeutic attention
Axis 2
Personality disorders and mental retardation
Axis 3
General medical condtions
Axis 4
Psychosocial and environmental problems
Axis 5
Global assesment and functioning
Schizophrenia
"split mind" Often have delusions, hallucinations, and disordered thinking marked by strange and sometimes incoherent speech
Mood Disorders
Prolonged and disabling disruptions in emotional state, either depressive disorders or bipolar disorders
Anxiety Disorders
Characterized by the excessive fear and worry that disrupts some aspect of teh individual's life
Somatoform Disorders
Those that focus on the physical body.
Dissociative Disorders
Classified as individuals who have disruptions or separations in conscious awareness from previous thoughts and/or memories. They may lack awareness of some particular part of their life, or they may have no ability to identifying themselves at all
Paranoid Personality Disorders
Personality disorder marked by a pattern of distrust and suspiciousness such that others' motives are interpreted as malevolent. Assume others are out to exploit, harm, or decieve them, even if their is no evidence to support such a claim
Schizotypical Personality Disorder
Personality disorder marked by accute discomfort in close relationships, cognitive or perceptional distortions, and eccentric behavior. Often Preoccupied with the paranormal or with UFO's, believe that they have magical or unusual powers
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Personality disorder marked by a pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others. In the past these people have been identified as psycopaths or sociopaths
Borderline Personality Disorder
Personality disorder marked by patterns of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects. It is also marked by a pattern of impulsivity. They fear separation and changes in external structure and they have marked change in self-image, emotions, behaviors, and thoughts when even very small changes occur in the environment
Narcissistic Personality Disorder
Personality disorder marked by a pattern of grandiosity, need for admiration, and lack of empathy. They have an inflated sense of self importance
Dependent Personality Disorder
Personality disorder marked by a pattern of submissive and clingy behvior related to excessive need to be taken care of. They have difficulty making everyday decisions such as what clothing to wear, whether or not to take an umbrella, or what to have for breakfast