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9 Cards in this Set

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Sensorimotor period
From birth to 24 months. Babies lack obeject permanence (objects fail to exist when they aren't in sight), and schemata revolve around sensory and motor abilities
Preoperational period
From 2-7, children have developed object permanence, but they lack the principle of conservation-they have difficulties with mass as it shifts form, Children in this stage are egocentric
Concrete operational period
From 7-11, children develop "true mental" operations, which include the ability to verbalize, visualize, and mentally manipulate objects
Formal operational period
From 11 to adulthood, is the period where we gain mastery over abstract reasoning
Kohlberg's stage theory
Suggests that people develop morally similar to the way that Piaget said they develop cognitively. They develop in three levels:
1. Preconventional level (moral reasoning where moral behavior is based on external consequences)
2. Conventional level (people justify their actions based on internal rules that conform to society's norms and standards
3. Postconventional level (personal values shape individual conceptions of ethical behavior)
Teratogens
Environmental agents-such as disease organisms or drugs-that can potentially damage the developing embryo or fetus
Assimilation
The process through which we fit new experiences into existing schemata
Accommodation
The process through which we change or modify existing schemata to accomodate new experiences
Criteria required for friendships to develop
1. Proximity
2. Familiarity
3. Mobility