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37 Cards in this Set

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Social Psycology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another
Attribution Theory
the theory that we tend to give a casual explanation for someone's behavior, often by ethier cerditing the situation or the person's disposition
Fundamental Attribution Error
the tendency for observers when analyzing anothers behavior to underestimate of the situation and to overestimate the impact of personal disposition
Attitude
a belief and feeling that predisposes one to respond in a particular way to objects people and events
Foot-in-the-door Phenomon
the tendency for people who have first to agreed to a small request to comply later with a larger request
Role
a set of expectations about a social position defining how thoes in the position ought to behave
Cognative Dissonance Theory
the theory that we act to reduce discomfort we feel when two of our thoughts and inconsistant
Name an example of Cognative Dissonance Theory
when awareness of our attitude and of our actions clash
Conformity
adjusting ones behavior and thinking to concide with a group's standard
Normative Social Influence
influence resulting in a person's desire to gain approval or avoid disapproval
Informational Social Influence
Influence resulting from ones willingness to accept others opinions about reality
Social Facilitation
Improved performance of tasks in the presents of others; occure with simple tasks
Social Loafing
the tendency for people in a group to exert less effort when pooling their efforts towards attaining a common goal than when individually accountable
Deindividuation
the loss of self awareness and self restraint occuring in group situations that foster arrousal and anonimity
Group Polarization
the enhancement of a groups prevailing attitudes through discussion within the group
Groupthink
the mode of thinking that occurs when the desirefor harmony in a decision making group overrides a realistic appraisal of alternatives
Prejudice
an unjustifiable towards a group and it's members. Prejudice generally involves stereotyped beliefs, negative feelings and a predesposition to discriminatory action
Sterotype
a generalized belief about a group of people
Discrimination
unjustifiable negative behavior towards a group or its members
Ingroup
"us" people with whom we share a common identity
Outgroup
"them" thoes that are precieved as different or apart from ones ingroup
Ingroup Bias
the tendancy to favor ones own group
Scapegoat Theory
the theory that prejudice that offers an outlet for anger by providing someone to blame
Just World Phenomenon
The tendency of people to believe that the world is just and people therefore get what they deserve and deserve what they get
Aggression
any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy
Fustration-Aggression principle
the principle that frustration creates anger which can generate aggression
Conflict
a percieved incompatability of actions goals or ideas
None
Social Trap
a situation in which conflicting parties by rationallity pursuing their self interests get caught in mutually destructive behavior
Mere Exposure Effect
the phenomenon that repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases liking of them
Passionate Love
an aroused state of intense positive absorbtion in another usually present in the beginning of a love relationship
Companionship Love
the deep affectionate attachment we feel for thoes with whom our lives are intertwined
Equity
a condition in which people receive from a relationship in porportion to what they give to it
Self Disclosure
revealing intimate aspects of ones self to others
Altruism
unselfish reguard for the welfare of others
Bystander Effect
the tendency for any given bystander to be less likely to give aid if other bystanders are present
Social Exchange Theory
the theory that our social behavior is an exchange process the aim of which we maximize benefits to minimize the costs
Superordinate Goals
shared goals that override differences among people and require their cooperation