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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
society's perspectives for standards on psychological disorders
-an orderly world in which people assume responsibility for their assigned social roles-conform to prevailing moves
- and meet situation requirements
individual's standards for prespectives on psychological disorders
happiness, gratification of needs
mental health prof's standards for perspectives on psychological disorders
-personality structure
- growth and development, autonomy, enviromental mastery, stress cope, and adaptation
the view that psychological disorders have a biochemical or physiological basis
the biological model
the view that psychological disorders result from unconscious internal conflicts
the psychoanalytic model
the view that psychological disorders result from learning maladaptive ways of thinking and behaving
the cognitive-behavioral model
the view that people that biologically predisposed to a mental disorder (those with a certain diathesis) will tend to exhibit that disorder when particularly affected by stress
the diathesis-stress modela nd systems theory
disturbances in mood or prolonged emotional state
mood disorders
causes of mood disorders are...
-biological factors
-psychological factors
-social factors
the indiv. arrives at a sweeping conclusion about himself despite the scarcity or absense of evidence
arbitrary interference
the indiv. arrives at a conclusion based on only one of the numerous factors influencing a situation
selective abstraction
the indiv. arrives at the sweeping conclusion based on a single sometimes trivial event
overgeneralization
the indiv. tends to magnify difficulties and failures while minimizing accomplishments and successes
a psychological factor of mood disorders: magnification and minimization
when a condition begins to disrupt your ability to perform everyday tasks, it becomes a..
disorder
disorders in which anxiety is a characteristic feature or the avoidance of anxiety seems to motivate abnormal behavior
anxiety disorders
an anxiety disorder characterized by excessive, inappropriate fears connected with social situation or performances in front of other people
social phobia
an anxiety disorder that involves multiple, intense fear of crowds, public places, and other situations that require separation from a source of security such as the home
agoraphobia
an anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent panic attacks in which the person suddenly experiences intense fear and terror without any reasonable cause
panic disorder
an anxiety disorder in which a person feels driven to think disturbing thoughts and/or to perform senseless rituals
obsessive-compulsive disorder
disorders in which there is real physical illness that is largely caused by psychological factors such as stress and anxiety
psychosomatic disorders
a somatoform disorder characterized by recurrent vague somatic complaints without a physical cause
somatization disorder
somatofrom disorders in which a dramatic specific disability has no physical cause but instead seems related to psychological problems
conversion disorders
a somatoform disorder in which a person interprets insignificant symptoms as signs of serious illness in the absense of any organic evidence of such illness
hypochondriasis
a somatoform disorder in which a person becomes so preoccupied with her/his imagined ugliness that normal life is impossible
body dysmorphic disorder
disorders in which some aspect of the personality seems separated from the rest
dissociative
a dissociative disorder that involves flight from home and the assumption of a new identity with amnesia for past idenity and events
dissociative fugue
a dissociative disorder in which a person has several distinct personalites that emerge at different times
dissociative identity disorder
a dissociative disorder whose essential feature is that the person suddenly feels changed of different in a strange way
depersonalization