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22 Cards in this Set

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Scientific Method
To know the physical world
Individual Differences
differences between observers
clock time; looking at telescope through a certain point.
Bell- Magendie Law
- Sensory nerves enter dorsal roots of spinal cords and motor nerves emerge from entral roots
- Nerve physiology = sensory and motor functions
- Metal functions are mediated by different anatomical structures.
Separate and Different Functions
different things going on in the body lead to different thoughts.
Doctrine of Specific nerve energies: Johannes Muller
5 types of sensory nerves results in characteristic sensation.
Hermann von Helmholtz
- "life force" not conducive to scientific analysis
- Physical and chemical processes
- "Energy is never or lost, it is meerly transformed."
- Theory of Perceptions
Study frog reaction nerve conduction.
Theory of color vision:
Resonance place theory:
Resonance place theory:
Pitches of sounds that we hear is sound vibrations
Ewald Hering:
- Receptors in the eye respond to receptors matter

- provide information about depth; innate
Christine Ladd- Franklin
Theory of color vision based on evolutionary theory
Phrenology
- Franz gall: 1st cohesive ideas about phernology
- Examing bumps and depression's on one's skull
- aka physiognomy
Pierre Flourens
- Dispute Phrenology scientifically
- ablation Method: removing brain parts from dogs and pigeons.
- Some location but the hemispheres functions as a unit.
Paul Broca/ Carl Wernicke
"Clinical setting"
language and communication function
Broca Area left hemisphere
Speech, articulation, production
Broca's area
portion of left hemisphere- speech articulaton or production
Wernicke's area
portion near Broca's area left temporal lobe area responsible for speech comprehension
Fritsch, Hirzig, and Ferrier
Studied electrical stimulation of the brain
Motor cortex, when certain area of cortex is stimulated, muscular movement on opposite sides of ody are elicited
Ernst Weber
2 point threshold on all different areas of the body

Smallest threshold on tongue
largest in the middle of back
Probes
Weber's Law
Amount of change to notice a difference is a constant fraction relating to the stimuli

*1st quantitative law in psychology*
sense of touch is several senses
Gustav Fechner
- all things that are physical are concious (panpsychim)
- mathematical relationship between
mental events and physical events

*experimental astheitics*
Art
Voluntarism
will and choice
understand simple and complex events
- all types of events - based on experience

TWO TYPES of Experience:
Mediate
Immediate
Wilhelm Wundt
1st school of psychology
- sensations and perceptions

Theory of Feelings
Plesantness and unplesantness
excitment and calmness
strain and relaxation
Titchner and Structuralism
determination of the what, how, and why of mental life

Three Elements of the mind
- Sensations
- Images
- Affections
Decline of Structuralism
- Ppl began to question introspection
- studying animal behavior
- lack of interest in practical implication
Hermann Ebbinghaus
- Used nonsense syllables
- Over-learning decrease rate of forgetting
- Practive over a period of time