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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Internal representations of knowledge. The way we organize our knowledge about the world.
Critical Thinking
The use of those cognitive skills or strategies that increase the probability of a desirable outcome. It is purposeful, reasonable, and goal directed. Also known as directed thinking. Compare with non-directed thinking.
Directed Thinking
Critical thinking or thinking that is goal orientated.
Non-directed Thinking
Daydreams, night dreams, and rote memorization. Compare with directed (or critical) thinking.
Cognitive Process Instruction
Instruction based on cognitive theories and research that is designed to help people improve how they think.
Transfer of Training
The spontaneous use of skills that are learned in one context in a different context.
Performance-Competence Distinction
The difference between what a person does (performance) and what a person is able to do (competence).
Critical Thinking Attitude
The willingness to plan, flexibility in thinking, persistence, willingness to self correct, mindful attention to the thought process, and the seeking of consensus. It is not possible to be a critical thinker without this sort of attitude.
Habit of Planning
The repeated and automatic use of plans.
The act of drawing novel distinctions. Mindful engagement with material is needed for good learning.
Our knowledge about our memory and thought process. Colloquially, what we know about what we know.
The use of an internal picture-like representation while thinking.
Preferred Modes of Thought
Individual preferences for different types of internal representations.
Executive Processes
The oversight or planning and monitoring processes in thinking.
is a biological process.
Adkinson & Shiffrin (1968)
The Modal Model