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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Midbrain
simple survival skills and locomotion
Medulla
controls simple autonomic functions
Pons and medulla
postural reflexes and some metabolic reflexes
Midbrain and pons
control sleep and level of arousal
Thalamus
two "thalmus's"
relay station of brain, almost all signals go in and out of the brain
Cerebellum
little brain
fine motor movements and fast ballistic movement (movement thats planned in advance, executed thus difficult to alter on the fly)
Able to process and relate to time very quickly
Basal Ganglia
Flaps on thalamus. Gross motor movements and integrating various movements into a sequence
Basal ganglia and cerebellum
work together to give whole set of motor repertoire
Limbic system - hypothalamus
"border"
Amygdale
emotional function
Hippocampus
memory. take short term memory into long term
hypothalamus
below thalamus. Controls entire internal environment of body
Cortex (neocortex)
consists of four lobes: frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital
Occipital lobe
primary visual cortex
primary auditory cortex
temporal lobe
primary somatosensory cortex
parietal lobe
primary motor cortex
back of front lobe
association cortex
everything else. involved in perception, "thought" and decision making
Frontal lobe
planning of actions and changing strategies
parietal lobe
spatial perception, somatosensation, some language
Principles of Cortical Represenation
1) topographic organization
2) cortical magnification
3) two hemispheres
what separates the two halves?
corpus callosum
contralateral organization
each side of brain deals with the other side of the body
language abilities
mostly in left hemisphere
spatial abilities
right hemisphere
unilateral presentation
presentation of information to just one hemisphere
cross-cueing
two hemispheres cant communicate with each other so will find other methods of communicating